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Indiana Science Standards

   Upper Elementary

4.1 Diversity of Life 

Students should know that: A great variety of kinds of living things can be sorted into groups in many ways using various features to decide which things belong to which group.

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5. Habitat
6. Marine Communities
7. Fresh Water Communities
8. Terrestrial Communities
13. Species Diversity
14. Niche
15. Invasive Species
16. Life at Risk

Features used for grouping depend on the purpose of the grouping.

4.4 Interdependence of Life 

Students should know that:  For any particular environment, some kinds of plants and animals survive well, some do not survive as well, and some cannot survive at all.

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5. Habitat
6. Marine Communities
7. Fresh Water Communities
8. Terrestrial Communities
15. Invasive Species
16. Life at Risk

Insects and various other organisms depend on dead plant and animal material for food.

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11. Decomposers and Scavengers

Organisms interact with one another in various ways besides providing food. Many plants depend on animals for carrying their pollen to other plants or for dispersing their seeds.

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9. The Wildlife Web I 
10. The Wildlife  Web II
11. Decomposers and Scavengers
12. Population Dynamics

Changes in an organism's habitat are sometimes beneficial to it and sometimes harmful.

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14. Niche

Most microorganisms do not cause disease, and many are beneficial.

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11. Decomposers and Scavengers
   

4.5 Flow of Matter and Energy

Students should know that: Almost all kinds of animals' food can be traced back to plants.

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9. The Wildlife Web I 

Some source of "energy" is needed for all organisms to stay alive and grow.

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9. The Wildlife Web I 
10. The Wildlife  Web II
11. Decomposers and Scavengers
12. Population Dynamics

Over the whole earth, organisms are growing, dying, and decaying, and new organisms are being produced by the old ones.

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11. Decomposers and Scavengers

4.6 Evolution of Life

Students should know that: Individuals of the same kind differ in their characteristics, and sometimes the differences give individuals an advantage  in surviving and reproducing.

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1. Adaptation
2. Coloration
3. Natural Communication
4. Migration
5. Habitat

Fossils can be compared to one another and to living organisms according to their similarities and differences. Some organisms that lived long ago are similar to existing organisms, but some are quite different.



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