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South Carolina Science Standards

   Grade 3

Strand 1 - Characteristics 

Organisms demonstrate characteristic properties that determine how they function and adapt to their environment.

A. Construct classification schemes for nonliving and living things, according to teacher or student  developed criteria.

. The student will construct classification schemes for nonliving and living things.

NatureWorks Episodes

5. Habitat
6. Marine Communities
7. Fresh Water Communities
8. Terrestrial Communities

. The student will describe characteristics of living and nonliving things.

NatureWorks Episodes

5. Habitat
6. Marine Communities
7. Fresh Water Communities
8. Terrestrial Communities

. The student will compare and contrast living and nonliving things.

NatureWorks Episodes

5. Habitat
6. Marine Communities
7. Fresh Water Communities
8. Terrestrial Communities

B. Determine the basic needs and functions of living things.

. The student will compare similarities and differences among living things.

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All Episodes

. The student will classify living things into plant and animal kingdoms.

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13. Species Diversity

. The student will identify cause and effect relationships.

NatureWorks Episodes

1. Adaptation
2. Coloration
3. Natural Communication
4. Migration
5. Habitat
9. The Wildlife Web I 
10. The Wildlife  Web II
11. Decomposers and Scavengers
12. Population Dynamics
15. Invasive Species
16. Life at Risk

C. Investigate the relationship between living things and their habitats.

. The student will investigate and understand relationships among organisms and their environments in aquatic and terrestrial food chains. Key concepts include:  producer, consumer, decomposer; herbivore, carnivore, omnivore; and predator-prey.

NatureWorks Episodes

9. The Wildlife Web I 
10. The Wildlife  Web II
11. Decomposers and Scavengers
12. Population Dynamics

. The student will state generalizations about the characteristics of living things as they relate to their environment.

NatureWorks Episodes

5. Habitat
6. Marine Communities
7. Fresh Water Communities
8. Terrestrial Communities
9. The Wildlife Web I 
10. The Wildlife  Web II
11. Decomposers and Scavengers
12. Population Dynamics
14. Niche

. The student will predict habitats based on the characteristics of living things.

NatureWorks Episodes

5. Habitat
6. Marine Communities
7. Fresh Water Communities
8. Terrestrial Communities

Strand 2 - Interactions

Organisms interact with each other and with their environment.

A. Investigate and analyze ways in which living things interact with each other and with the environment.

NatureWorks Episodes

9. The Wildlife Web I 
10. The Wildlife  Web II
11. Decomposers and Scavengers
12. Population Dynamics

. The student will compare and describe growth of living things based on observations and measurements over time including stages of development and life
cycles.

NatureWorks Episodes

All Episodes

. The student will observe living things in their natural habitats.

NatureWorks Episodes

All Episodes

. The student will predict ways living things will interact with each other and the environment.

NatureWorks Episodes

All Episodes

 B. Interpret a food chain.

NatureWorks Episodes

9. The Wildlife Web I 
10. The Wildlife  Web II
11. Decomposers and Scavengers
12. Population Dynamics

C. Investigate characteristics and behaviors of plants and animals that help them to survive in  specific environments.

NatureWorks Episodes

5. Habitat
6. Marine Communities
7. Fresh Water Communities
8. Terrestrial Communities

Strand 3 - Change 

Organisms change over time.

A. Observe similarities and differences in the growth and development of living things throughout their life cycles.

. The student will compare characteristics of and understand basic sequences and cycles occurring in nature. Key concepts include animal and plant life cycles.

. The student will compare growth based on observations and measurements over time.

. The student will describe the growth and development of a specific plant or animal.

B. Make inferences about the ways in which living things can cause changes in the environment over time.

. The student will investigate and understand that environments support a diversity of plants and animals that share limited resources. Key concepts include: water-related environments (pond, marshland, swamp, stream, river, and ocean environments);  dry-land environments (desert, grassland, rainforest, and forest environments); population and community; and environments that change due to changes in populations and behaviors of specific organisms.

NatureWorks Episodes

5. Habitat
6. Marine Communities
7. Fresh Water Communities
8. Terrestrial Communities
9. The Wildlife Web I 
10. The Wildlife  Web II
11. Decomposers and Scavengers
12. Population Dynamics

. The student will identify changes in the environment.

NatureWorks Episodes

12. Population Dynamics
13. Species Diversity
14. Niche
15. Invasive Species
16. Life at Risk

. The student will identify possible causes of changes in the environment.

NatureWorks Episodes

12. Population Dynamics
13. Species Diversity
14. Niche
15. Invasive Species
16. Life at Risk

. The student will predict ways in which the environment may change due to changes in  populations and behaviors of specific organisms.

NatureWorks Episodes

12. Population Dynamics
15. Invasive Species
16. Life at Risk

D. Predict and investigate how living things may adapt structurally and behaviorally to changing  environmental conditions.

NatureWorks Episodes

1. Adaptation
2. Coloration
3. Natural Communication
4. Migration

 . The student will investigate, predict how, and understand that behavioral and physical  adaptations allow animals to respond to life needs and functions and changing environmental conditions. Key concepts include:

 ¨ methods of gathering and storing food, finding shelter, defending themselves, and rearing young; 

NatureWorks Episodes

All Episodes

¨ effects of natural forces: wind, rain, water, air, sunlight, and temperature; 
dormancy.

NatureWorks Episodes

5. Habitat
6. Marine Communities
7. Fresh Water Communities
8. Terrestrial Communities

 ¨ how animals and plants adjust to changing weather conditions; and dormancy.

NatureWorks Episodes

5. Habitat
6. Marine Communities
7. Fresh Water Communities
8. Terrestrial Communities

 ¨ hibernation, migration, camouflage, mimicry, instinct, and learned behavior.

NatureWorks Episodes

1. Adaptation
2. Coloration
3. Natural Communication
4. Migration

. The student will identify ways living things adapt to survive in changing environmental  conditions.

NatureWorks Episodes

1. Adaptation
2. Coloration
3. Natural Communication
4. Migration

. The student will describe how an organism has adapted to the changing environment.

NatureWorks Episodes

1. Adaptation
2. Coloration
3. Natural Communication
4. Migration
   Grade 4

Strand 1 - Characteristics 

Organisms demonstrate characteristic properties that determine how they function and adapt to their  environment.

A. Understand the cellular basis of animal and plant structure and function.

. The student will investigate and understand basic plant anatomy and life processes.
Key concepts include: 

 ¨ the structures of typical plants (leaves, stems, roots, and flowers); 

 ¨ processes and structures involved with reproduction (pollination, stamen, pistil, sepal, embryo, spore, and seed); 

 ¨ photosynthesis (chlorophyll and carbon dioxide); and dormancy.

NatureWorks Episodes

9. The Wildlife Web I

B. Distinguish among major groups of organisms.

. The student will classify organisms as belonging to plant or animal kingdoms.

NatureWorks Episodes

13. Species Diversity

D. Identify and characterize organisms according to the functions they serve in the environment.

NatureWorks Episodes

14. Niche

. The student will describe the roles of producers, decomposers, consumers, prey, and predators.

NatureWorks Episodes

9. The Wildlife Web I 
10. The Wildlife  Web II
11. Decomposers and Scavengers
12. Population Dynamics

D. Investigate how organisms may adapt structurally, functionally, and behaviorally to different  environments (e.g., fish have gills to survive in water).

NatureWorks Episodes

1. Adaptation
2. Coloration
3. Natural Communication
4. Migration

. The student will investigate and understand how plants and animals in an ecosystem  interact with one another and with the nonliving environment. Key concepts include  behavioral and structural adaptations.

NatureWorks Episodes

1. Adaptation
2. Coloration
3. Natural Communication
4. Migration

Strand 2 - Interactions 

Organisms interact with each other and with their environment.

A. Describe how animals behave and interact within groups (schools, flocks, packs, hives, and herds).

. The student will investigate and understand how plants and animals in an ecosystem interact with one another and with the nonliving environment. Key concepts include organization of communities.

NatureWorks Episodes

1. Adaptation
2. Coloration
3. Natural Communication
4. Migration
5. Habitat
6. Marine Communities
7. Fresh Water Communities
8. Terrestrial Communities

B. Describe relationships among organisms through the use of food chains and food webs.

. The student will investigate and understand how plants and animals in an ecosystem interact with one another and with the nonliving environment. Key concepts include:  flow of energy through food webs including the dynamics, roles, and interactions of predator-prey, consumer, producer, and decomposer.

NatureWorks Episodes

9. The Wildlife Web I 
10. The Wildlife  Web II
11. Decomposers and Scavengers
12. Population Dynamics

C. Evaluate the impact of the environment on populations of organisms.

. The student will investigate and understand how plants and animals in an ecosystem  interact with one another and with the nonliving environment. Key concepts include: habitats and niches;  the impact of the environment on populations of organisms; and the influence of human activity on ecosystems.

NatureWorks Episodes

5. Habitat
6. Marine Communities
7. Fresh Water Communities
8. Terrestrial Communities
9. The Wildlife Web I 
10. The Wildlife  Web II
11. Decomposers and Scavengers
12. Population Dynamics

Strand 3 - Change

Organisms change over time.

A. Identify and describe the different stages of development occurring in organisms over time.

. The student will investigate and understand how plant and animals in an ecosystem interact with one another and with the nonliving environment. Key concepts include life cycles.

NatureWorks Episodes

5. Habitat
6. Marine Communities
7. Fresh Water Communities
8. Terrestrial Communities
9. The Wildlife Web I 
10. The Wildlife  Web II
11. Decomposers and Scavengers
12. Population Dynamics

B. Recognize the importance of fossils for understanding the nature of populations presently on the Earth.

. The student will investigate and understand how plants and animals in an ecosystem interact with one another and with the nonliving environment. Key concepts include the importance of fossils of plants and animals.

C. Explain how animal and plant populations are changing today as a result of changes in their environments.

NatureWorks Episodes

5. Habitat
6. Marine Communities
7. Fresh Water Communities
8. Terrestrial Communities
9. The Wildlife Web I 
10. The Wildlife  Web II
11. Decomposers and Scavengers
12. Population Dynamics
15. Invasive Species
16. Life at Risk

   
   Grade 5

Strand 1 - Characteristics 

Organisms demonstrate characteristic properties that determine how they function and adapt to their environment.

A. Understand the cellular basis of animal and plant structure and function.

. The student will investigate, describe, and understand major structures in plant and animal cells and that organisms are made of cells and have distinguishing characteristics. Key concepts include: parts of a cell, vascular and nonvascular plants; and vertebrates and invertebrates.

B. Distinguish among major groups of organisms.

. The student will compare and contrast organisms within plant and animal kingdoms.

NatureWorks Episodes

13. Species Diversity

C. Identify and characterize organisms according to the functions they serve in the environment.

NatureWorks Episodes

9. The Wildlife Web I 
10. The Wildlife  Web II
11. Decomposers and Scavengers
12. Population Dynamics
14. Niche

D. Investigate how organisms may adapt structurally, functionally, and behaviorally to different environments (e.g., fish have gills to survive in water).

. The student will identify and describe how organisms from the plant and animal kingdoms may adapt structurally, functionally, and behaviorally to different environments including adaptation over time, the impact of the environment, and the relationship among organisms.

NatureWorks Episodes

1. Adaptation
2. Coloration
3. Natural Communication
4. Migration
 

Strand 2 - Interactions 

Organisms interact with each other and with their environment.

A. Describe how animals behave and interact within groups (schools, flocks, packs, hives, and herds).

NatureWorks Episodes

5. Habitat
6. Marine Communities
7. Fresh Water Communities
8. Terrestrial Communities

B. Describe relationships among organisms through the use of food chains and food webs.

. The student will describe the effect on a population when the predator, prey, or consumer population is increased or decreased.

NatureWorks Episodes

5. Habitat
6. Marine Communities
7. Fresh Water Communities
8. Terrestrial Communities
12. Population Dynamics
14. Niche

C. Evaluate the impact of the environment on populations of organisms.

NatureWorks Episodes

5. Habitat
6. Marine Communities
7. Fresh Water Communities
8. Terrestrial Communities
12. Population Dynamics
14. Niche

Strand 3 - Change 

Organisms change over time.

 A. Identify and describe the different stages of development occurring in organisms over time.

B. Recognize the importance of fossils for understanding the nature of populations presently on the Earth.

. The student will describe the formation of fossils of plants and animals.

C. Explain how animal and plant populations are changing today as a result of changes in their environments.

NatureWorks Episodes

12. Population Dynamics
14. Niche
15. Invasive Species
16. Life at Risk
 
   Grade 6

Strand 1 - Characteristics 

Organisms demonstrate characteristic properties that determine how they function and adapt to their environment.

A. Understand the cellular basis of animal and plant structure and function.

. The student will describe, compare, and contrast organisms within each kingdom. Key concepts include: the function of each of the major structures in both plant and animal cells.

. The student will compare and contrast plant and animal cells.

. The student will investigate and understand that the basic needs of organisms must be met in order to carry out life processes. Key concepts include:  plant needs (light and energy sources, water, gases, and nutrients);  animal needs (food, water, gases, shelter, and space); and factors that influence life processes.

NatureWorks Episodes

9. The Wildlife Web I 
10. The Wildlife  Web II
11. Decomposers and Scavengers

B. Distinguish among major groups of organisms.

NatureWorks Episodes

13. Species Diversity

C. Identify and characterize organisms according to the functions they serve in the environment.

NatureWorks Episodes

14. Niche

D. Investigate how organisms may adapt structurally, functionally, and behaviorally to different environments (e.g., fish have gills to survive in water).

NatureWorks Episodes

1. Adaptation
2. Coloration
3. Natural Communication
4. Migration

. The student will describe, compare, and contrast organisms within each kingdom. Key concepts include adaptation of organisms structurally, functionally, and behaviorally.

NatureWorks Episodes

1. Adaptation
2. Coloration
3. Natural Communication
4. Migration

Strand 2 - Interactions 

Organisms interact with each other and with their environment.

A. Describe how animals behave and interact within groups (schools, flocks, packs, hives, and herds).

. The student will describe the nature of competitive/cooperative interactions between  individuals within populations of organisms.

NatureWorks Episodes

10. The Wildlife  Web II

. The student will investigate and understand that organisms depend on other organisms (such as in food pyramids) and the nonliving components (such as water, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide/oxygen cycles) of the environment.

NatureWorks Episodes

9. The Wildlife Web I 
10. The Wildlife  Web II
11. Decomposers and Scavengers
12. Population Dynamics

. The student will investigate and understand that interactions exist among members of  a population. Key concepts include: competition, cooperation, social hierarchy, territorial imperative; and influence of behavior on population interactions.

NatureWorks Episodes

10. The Wildlife  Web II
12. Population Dynamics

B. Describe relationships among organisms through the use of food chains and food webs.

. The student will analyze the dynamics of predator-prey interactions as part of food webs.

NatureWorks Episodes

9. The Wildlife Web I 
10. The Wildlife  Web II
11. Decomposers and Scavengers
12. Population Dynamics

. The student will describe the impact of changes in predator-prey populations on the community including food webs.
dormancy.

NatureWorks Episodes

9. The Wildlife Web I 
10. The Wildlife  Web II
11. Decomposers and Scavengers
12. Population Dynamics

C. Evaluate the impact of the environment on populations of organisms.
dormancy.

NatureWorks Episodes

9. The Wildlife Web I 
10. The Wildlife  Web II
11. Decomposers and Scavengers
12. Population Dynamics

Strand 3 - Change 

Organisms change over time.

A. Identify and describe the different stages of development occurring in organisms over time.

. The student will describe, compare and contrast organisms within each kingdom. Key concepts include: different stages of development occurring in organisms over time.

NatureWorks Episodes

13. Species Diversity

B. Recognize the importance of fossils for understanding the nature of populations presently on the Earth.

. The student will describe, compare and contrast organisms within each kingdom. Key concepts include: comparing and contrasting fossil animals and plants with living animals and  plants.

C. Explain how animal and plant populations are changing today as a result of changes in their environments.

NatureWorks Episodes

12. Population Dynamics
13. Species Diversity
15. Invasive Species
16. Life at Risk
 



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