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Fregatidae - Frigatebirds

pelican

Classification

 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Aves
 Order: Pelecaniformes
 Family: Fregatidae

Magnificent FrigatebirdThere are five species of large birds in this family. Frigatebirds are found in tropical and subtropical oceans. They spend most of their time on the open ocean, coming inland only to breed. They nest on ocean islands or on coastal areas.

Frigatebirds are 2.5 to 3.5 feet in length and have a wingspan of around 6 feet. Frigatebirds are black or dark brown and have an unfeathered expandable gular pouch. In mating season, the gular pouches of males can be bright red. They have long, hooked bills; long, narrow, pointed wings; and long, forked tails. Females are usually larger than males. Frigate birds eat flying fish, squid, and jellyfish.

galleryFregatidae Photo Gallery

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in USThreatened in US Threatened in New HampshireThreatened in NH Endangered in USEndangered in US Endangered in NHEndangered in NH IntroducedIntroduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

  New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

None
  Great Frigatebird - Fregata minor Least Concern Africa Asia Australia North America South America
Magnificent Frigatebird - Fregata magnificens Least Concern Africa North America South America
Lesser Frigatebird - Fregata ariel Least Concern Africa Asia Australia North America South America

Other Species Around the World

Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North/Central America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species

Christmas Frigatebird - Fregata andrewsi Critically Endangered Asia Australia

  Ascension Frigatebird - Fregata aquila Vulnerable Africa

Additional Information

Key: profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Ascension Frigatebird - Fregata aquila profile Photos Video Vulnerable Africa
The Ascension Island frigatebird breeds on Boatswainbird Island, an island off the coast of Ascension Island.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School

Christmas Frigatebird - Fregata andrewsi profile Photos Video Critically Endangered Asia Australia
The Christmas frigatebird breeds on Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School

Christmas Frigatebird - Fregata andrewsi profile Photos Critically Endangered Asia Australia
The Christmas frigatebird is a large black sea bird with a deeply forked tail and a long hooked bill.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School

Great Frigatebird - Fregata minor profile Photos Least Concern Africa Asia Australia North America South America
The great frigatebird breeds on isolated islands in the tropical and sub-tropical waters of the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School

Great Frigatebird - Fregata minor profile Photos Least Concern Africa Asia Australia North America South America
Great frigatebird females breed every 2 years.
Source: Animal Diversity We Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School

Lesser Frigatebird - Fregata ariel profile Photos Video Least Concern Africa Asia Australia North America South America
The lesser frigatebird breeds on islands in the Indian Ocean, the west and central Pacific Ocean, and the southern Atlantic Ocean.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School

Magnificent Frigatebird - Fregata magnificens profile Photos Video Least Concern Africa North America South America
The magnificent frigate bird breeds on islands throughout the Caribbean, in tropical areas along the Pacific and Atlantic coasts of Central and South America, and in the Galapagos Islands. They are also found in southern Florida and the Gulf Coast.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Magnificent Frigatebird - Fregata magnificens profile Photos Audio Least Concern Africa North America South America
The magnificent frigate bird snatches food off the surface of the ocean and steals food from other birds.
Source: Cornell Lab of Ornithology Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Magnificent Frigatebird - Fregata magnificens profile Photos Least Concern Africa North America South America
The magnificent frigate bird can glide for long distances without beating its wings.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes