Andean Cock-of-the-rock - Rupicola peruvianus
The Andean cock-of-the-rock is the national bird of Peru. It is a medium-sized perching bird around 12 inches in length. The male Andean cock-of-the-rock has a bright red-orange head, neck, breast, and shoulders. It has a black body, gray wings, and a large disk-shaped crest of feathers that extends over its bill. The female is a brownish-orange over her whole body and has a smaller crest.
The Andean cock-of-the-rock is found in cloud forests in the Andes Mountains in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. A cloud forest is a tropical or subtropical forest that is usually covered by clouds or fog at the canopy level.
The Andean cock-of-the-rock eats fruits and berries and occasionally insects.
Andean cock-of-the-rock males gather in groups in a lek in the forest. A lek is an area where animals, usually birds, gather to perform courtship displays. The males try to attract females with a call that sounds like a pig squealing! They also bob up and down, bow, and hop around to display their bright plumage. Males will mate with more than one female. The female builds a nest of mud under a rocky outcrop or in a cave. She lays 2 eggs and incubates them for around 28 days. She cares for the chicks by herself.
Audio Credit: xeno-canto.org Scott Olmstead