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Microhylidae - Eastern Narrowmouth ToadNarrowmouth Frogs

There are around 435 species in this diverse family of frogs. Most species of narrowmouth frogs are found in temperate and tropical regions in South America, Africa, Asia, Indonesia, and parts of Australia. The largest number of species is found in Madagascar and New Guinea. There are some species found in North and Central America.

Most species in this family have narrow mouths and pointed heads. They range in size from less than an inch to four inches in length. They are found in a variety of habitats from wet forests to dry deserts. Some species live on land and others live in trees.

In North America, the sheep frog is found in southern Texas and Mexico. It is about an inch in length and has a small, pointed head; a fold of skin down its back; yellowish-brown skin; and long toes. It is nocturnal and its call sounds like a sheep's bleet! The Eastern narrow-mouthed toad has a small, pointed head; a narrow mouth; an oval-shaped body, short legs, and spotted grayish brown skin. It is found in the southern United States.

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

  New Hampshire Species


 North/Central American Species

  Chiasmocleis panamensis Least Concern
Sapito Apuntado Bicolor - Elachistocleis ovalis Least Concern
Sapito Apuntado De Surinam - Elachistocleis surinamensis Least Concern
Eastern Narrowmouth Toad - Gastrophryne carolinensis Least Concern
Gastrophryne elegans Least Concern
Great Plains Narrowmouth Toad - Gastrophryne olivacea Least Concern
Gastrophryne pictiventris Least Concern
Gastrophryne usta Least Concern
Hypopachus - Hypopachus barberi Vulnerable
Sheep Frog - Hypopachus variolosus Least Concern
Nelsonophryne aterrima Least Concern

Additional Information

Key: profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Hypopachus - Hypopachus barberi Photos Vulnerable
The hypopachus is found in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Mexico.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School

Eastern Narrowmouth Toad - Gastrophryne carolinensis profile Photos Least Concern
The eastern narrowmouth toad is found in the U.S. from southern Maryland to southeastern Kansas, south to the Florida Keys and eastern Texas.
Source: Animal diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School