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White-rumped Sandpiper - Calidris fuscicollis



 Kingdom: Animalia
 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Aves
 Order: Charadriiformes 
 Family: Scolopacidae 
 Genus:   Calidris

ICUN Redlist - World Status: Least ConcernLeast Concern


White-rumped SandpiperThe white-rumped sandpiper is a small shorebird 6-7 inches in length with a 16-17 inch wingspan. It has a white stripe over its eyes; a short, pointed, black bill; long black legs; a medium-sized neck; and a brown back marked with black. It has a brown streaked breast and a white belly and rump. Its pointed wingtips extend beyond its tail when it is at rest. In the non-breeding season, it is a grayish brown. Males and females look alike.


mapThe white-rumped sandpiper breeds across extreme northern Alaska and Canada. It migrates through eastern and central Canada and the eastern and central United States. It winters in extreme southern South America.


White-rumped SandpiperThe white-rumped sandpiper breeds on the tundra. In the winter and during migration, it is found in marshes, on the shores of lakes and ponds, in flooded fields, on beaches, and on mudflats.


The white-rumped sandpiper forages on the ground or in the water for food. It eats insects, larvae, seeds, worms, mollusks, and crustaceans.

Life Cycle

White-rumped SandpiperThe female lays 4 eggs in a grass-lined depression in the ground. The female incubates the eggs for 20-21 days. The chicks fledge when they are 16-17 days old.


The white-rumped sandpiper is a long-distance migrator. It migrates in large flocks from the Arctic regions of Canada and Alaska to Argentina at the tip of South America.

Audio Credit: xeno-canto.org Niels Krabbe cc logo