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Ocelot - Leopardus pardalis

Ocelot

Classification

 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Mammalia
 Order: Carnivora
 Family: Felidae
 Genus: Leopardus
ICUN Redlist - World Status: Least Concern Least Concern
US Fish and Wildlife - US Status: Endangered in US Endangered

Description

OcelotThe ocelot has gray to golden brown fur. It has brown spots and patches that are bordered in black on its sides. It looks a lot like the margay, but the ocelot's spots come in many patterns like rosettes, slashes, speckles, and bars. It has two to three stripes on its cheeks and four to five horizontal stripes on its neck and chest. It has a long tail and big eyes.

Range

mapThe ocelot is found from Arizona and Texas south to Argentina. It is an endangered species in Arizona and Texas. It was once found throughout Texas and east into Arkansas and Louisiana, but due to habitat loss and hunting, the ocelot population in the United States is probably less than 100 individuals in Texas and Arizona.

Habitat

The ocelot makes its home in forested areas and in dense chaparral.

Diet

The ocelot eats mice, rabbits, rats, birds, snakes, lizards, fish, and frogs. The ocelot is solitary, but it will sometime hunt with another ocelot. It calls to its hunting partner with meows that sound like a house cat's call. The ocelot hunts most of its prey on the ground, but it sometimes catches a bird in a tree. The ocelot removes all of the fur and feathers from its prey before it eats it.

Life Cycle

The ocelot mates year-round. About 70 days after mating, the female gives birth to 1-3 young. The female makes a den in the brush. She leaves the kittens at night to hunt for food, but she spends the day with them. The kittens begin hunting with their mother when they are about three months old. The kittens may stay with the mother for up to a year.

Behavior

The ocelot does most of its hunting at night. It rests in trees or dense brush during the day. It has a home range of between one and four square miles. The ocelot spends most of its time on the ground, but is it is a good swimmer and climber.