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Myrmecophagidae - Anteaters

 

Classification

 Kingdom: Animalia
 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Mammalia
 Order: Pilosa

Family: Myrmecophagidae

Giant AnteaterThere are three species in this family. They are found in the grasslands and rainforests of Central and South America.

Anteaters have very long, tubular snouts and long, thin, sticky tongues! They have small ears; small eyes; small mouths; no teeth; and five long, strong, curving claws on their front feet. Their claws don't retract, so anteaters walk on their knuckles! Anteaters have long tails and in some species, the tail is prehensile.

Anteaters use their long, sticky tongues to gather up the ants, termites, and other insects. Anteaters are solitary. Females give birth to a single baby and carry it around on their backs! The giant anteater lives on the ground, and the northern tamandua and the southern tamandua spend time in trees and on the ground!

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct Not Enough DataNot Enough Data
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist.

U.S. Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Endangered in US Endangered in US Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife. Click on U.S. status icon to go to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife species profile.
  New Hampshire Status Key
Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Breeds in NH Breeds in NH (birds)
Status taken from NH Fish and Game

Location Key
Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH More Info Click for More Info picture Click for Image

  New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

None
  Giant Anteater - Myrmecophaga tridactyla Vulnerable North America South America image More Info
Northern Tamandua - Tamandua mexicana Least Concern North America South America image More Info
Southern Tamandua - Tamandua tetradactyla Least Concern North America South America image More Info

Other Species Around the World

None  


Additional Information

Key: profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Giant Anteater - Myrmecophaga tridactyla profile Photos Video Vulnerable North America South America
The giant anteater is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Giant Anteater - Myrmecophaga tridactyla profile Photos Vulnerable North America South America
Except during the mating season and when raising young, giant anteaters are usually solitary.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Giant Anteater - Myrmecophaga tridactyla profile Photos Audio Vulnerable North America South America
The giant anteater has no teeth.
Source: National Geographic Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Giant Anteater - Myrmecophaga tridactyla profile Photos Vulnerable North America South America
Giant anteaters walk with a slow shuffle.
Source: San Diego Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Giant Anteater - Myrmecophaga tridactyla profile Photos Vulnerable North America South America
The giant anteater is the biggest species of anteater.
Source: Enchanted Learning Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Elementary School Teacher Section: No

Giant Anteater - Myrmecophaga tridactyla profile Photos Vulnerable North America South America
The giant anteater has really bad eyesight.
Source: BBC Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Northern Tamandua - Tamandua mexicana Photos Least Concern North America South America
The northern tamandua is found in Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Northern Tamandua - Tamandua mexicana profile Photos Least Concern North America South America
The northern tamandua looks like it is wearing a black vest.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Southern Tamandua - Tamandua tetradactyla Photos Video Least Concern North America South America
The southern tamandua is also known as the collared tamandua. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, and Venezuela.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Southern Tamandua - Tamandua tetradactyla Photos Video Least Concern North America South America
The southern tamandua uses it's powerful forearms for self-defense.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Southern Tamandua - Tamandua tetradactyla profile Photos Least Concern North America South America
Tamanduas are most active at night.
Source: San Diego Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes