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Hystricidae - Old World porcupines

Indian Crested PorcupineThere are 11 species in this family. Old World porcupines are found in Europe, Africa, and Asia. They have stocky bodies, rounded heads, and stiff quills.

Old World porcupine quills don't have the barbs found on the quills of New World porcupines, but they can still get stuck in the flesh of an attacking animal!

Unlike New World porcupines, Old World porcupines don't climb trees. They are omnivores and eat plants and carrion.

 

 

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct
Status taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status, or there is no status data for the species.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

None   None

Species Around the World

Location Key
Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North/Central America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species
African Brush-tailed Porcupine - Atherurus africanus Least Concern Africa
Asiatic Brush-tailed Porcupine - Atherurus macrourus Least Concern Asia
Cape Porcupine - Hystrix africaeaustralis Least Concern Africa
Malayan Porcupine - Hystrix brachyura Least Concern Asia
Thick-spined Porcupine - Hystrix crassispinis Least Concern Asia
Crested Porcupine - Hystrix cristata Least Concern Africa Europe

 

Indian Crested Porcupine - Hystrix indica Least Concern Asia
Sunda Porcupine - Hystrix javanica Least Concern Asia
Philippine Porcupine - Hystrix pumila Vulnerable Asia
Sumatran Porcupine - Hystrix sumatrae Least Concern Asia
Long-tailed Porcupine - Trichys fasciculata Least Concern Asias

Additional Information

Resource Key
profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Porcupines profile Photos
Porcupines are found in two main regions of the world, so they are grouped by scientists into either Old World porcupines or New World porcupines. Old World porcupines are found in Europe, Africa, and Asia.
Source: San Diego Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

African Brush-tailed Porcupine - Atherurus africanus Photos Least Concern Africa
The African brush-tailed porcupine is found in Benin, Cameroon, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, and Uganda.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Cape Porcupine - Hystrix africaeaustralis Photos Least Concern Africa
The Cape porcupine is found in Botswana, Burundi, Congo, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Crested Porcupine - Hystrix cristata profile Photos Video Least Concern Africa Europe
The crested porcupine is found in Algeria, Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Italy, Kenya, Liberia, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, and Uganda.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Indian Crested Porcupine - Hystrix indica Photos Least Concern Asia
The Indian crested porcupine is found in Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, China, Georgia, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Nepal, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Turkmenistan, and Yemen.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Philippine Porcupine - Hystrix pumila profile Photos Vulnerable Asia
The Philippine porcupine is found in the Philippines.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes