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Hynobiidae - Asiatic Salamanders

 

Classification

 Kingdom: Animalia
 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Amphibia
 Order: Caudata 
 Family: Hynobiidae

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Gorgan SalamanderThere are 50 species in this family. They are all found in Asia. Most species are 4-10 inches in length. They have smooth skin, stout bodies, and eyelids. Most species live on the land and have lungs. Females lay masses of 35-70 eggs and the male fertilizes them. The female usually guards the eggs.

Larvae in this family have external gills and four gill slits. Species in this family include: the Yenyuan stream salamander, the Alpine stream salamander, the Japanese mountain salamander, and the Hida salamander.

 

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in USThreatened in US Threatened in New HampshireThreatened in NH Endangered in USEndangered in US Endangered in NHEndangered in NH breeds in nhBreeds in NH IntroducedIntroduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

None   None

Species Around the World

Location Key
AfricaAfrica AsiaAsia AustraliaAustralia EuropeEurope North AmericaNorth America South AmericaSouth America New Hampshire SpeciesNH More InfoClick for More Info pictureClick for Image
Batrachuperus karlschmidti Vulnerable Asia
Longdong Stream Salamander-Batrachuperus londongensis Endangered Asia More Info
Stream Salamander - Batrachuperus pinchonii Vulnerable Asia More Info
Batrachuperus taibaiensis Asia
Alpine Stream Salamander - Batrachuperus tibetanus Vulnerable Asia More Info
Yenyuan Stream Salamander-Batrachuperus yenyuanensis Vulnerable Asia
Abe's Salamander - Hynobius abei Critically Endangered Asia
Anji Salamander - Hynobius amjiensis Critically Endangered Asia More Info
Arisan Hynobiid - Hynobius arisanensis Vulnerable Asia More Info
Odaigahara Salamander - Hynobius boulengeri Vulnerable Asia More Info
Chinese Salamander - Hynobius chinensis Endangered Asia More Info
Oita Salamander - Hynobius dunni Endangered Asia More Info
Formosa Salamander - Hynobius formosanus Endangered Asia More Info
Hynobius guabangshanensis Asia
Japanese Mountain Salamander - Hynobius hidamontanus Endangered Asia
Hynobius katoi Asia

Hida Salamander - Hynobius kimurae Least Concern Asia More Info
Northeastern China Hynobiid Salamander - Hynobius leechii Least Concern Asia More Info
Tohoku Salamander - Hynobius lichenatus Least Concern Asia More Info
Hynobius maoershanensis Asia
Blotched Salamander - Hynobius naevius Least Concern Asia More Info
Clouded Salamander - Hynobius nebulosus Least Concern Asia More Info
Japanese Black Salamander - Hynobius nigrescens Least Concern Asia More Info
Oki Salamander - Hynobius okiensis Vulnerable Asia More Info
Hynobius quelpaertensis Asia More Info

 

Hokkaido Salamander - Hynobius retardatus Least Concern Asia More Info
Sonon Salamander - Hynobius sonani Endangered Asia More Info
Amber-colored Salamander - Hynobius stejnegeri Vulnerable Asia
Hokuriku Salamander - Hynobius takedai Endangered Asia
Tokyo Salamander - Hynobius tokyoensis Vulnerable Asia More Info
Tsushima Salamander - Hynobius tsuensis Least Concern Asia More Info
Turkestanian Salamander - Hynobius turkestanicus Vulnerable Asia
Hynobius yangi Endangered Asia
Hynobius yatsui Least Concern Asia
Yiwu hynobiid - Hynobius yiwuensis Vulnerable Asia More Info
Wushan Salamander - Liua shihi Near Threatened Asia More Info
Tsinpa Salamander - Liua tsinpaensis Vulnerable Asia More Info
Long-tailed Clawed Salamander - Onychodactylus fischeri Least Concern Asia image More Info
Japanese Clawed Salamander - Onychodactylus japonicus Least Concern Asia More Info
Shangcheng Salamander-Pachyhynobius shangchengensis Vulnerable Asia More Info
Pachyhynobius yunanicus Endangered Asia
Gorgan Salamander - Paradactylodon gorganensis Critically Endangered Asia image More Info
PaghmanMountain Salamander - Paradactylodon mustersi Critically Endangered Asia More Info
Persian Mountain Salamander - Paradactylodon persicus Near Threatened Asia image More Info
Protohynobius puxiongensis Asia
Yellow-spotted Salamander-Pseudohynobius flavomaculatus Vulnerable Asia
Pseudohynobius kuankuoshuiensis Asia
Pseudohynobius shuichengensis Vulnerable Asia
Semirechensk Salamander - Ranodon sibiricus Endangered Asia image More Info
Siberian Salamander - Salamandrella keyserlingii Least Concern Asia
More Info

Additional Information

Resource Key
profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Longdong Stream Salamander -Batrachuperus londongensis Photos Endangered Asia
The longdong stream salamander is found in China.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Longdong Stream Salamander -Batrachuperus londongensis profile Photos Endangered Asia
The longdong stream salamander is found in rocky streams.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Stream Salamander - Batrachuperus pinchonii Photos Vulnerable Asia
The stream salamander is found in China.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Stream Salamander - Batrachuperus pinchonii profile Photos Vulnerable Asia
The stream salamander is found in mountain rivers and streams.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Alpine Stream Salamander - Batrachuperus tibetanus Photos Vulnerable Asia
The alpine stream salamander is found in China.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Alpine Stream Salamander - Batrachuperus tibetanus profile Photos Vulnerable Asia
During the day, the alpine stream salamander hides underwater beneath rocks or rotten wood.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Anji Salamander - Hynobius amjiensis profile Photos Critically Endangered Asia
The Anji salamander is only found in five small pools at the top of Mount Longwangshan in China.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Arisan Hynobiid - Hynobius arisanensis Photos Vulnerable Asia
The Arisan hynobid lives under rocks and bark.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Arisan Hynobiid - Hynobius arisanensis profile Photos Vulnerable Asia
The Arisan hynobid is found in Taiwan.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Odaigahara Salamander - Hynobius boulengeri Photos Vulnerable Asia
The Odaigahara salamander is found in Japan.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Odaigahara Salamander - Hynobius boulengeri profile Photos Vulnerable Asia
The Odaigahara salamander preys on spiders and insects and a large species of earthworm.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Chinese Salamander - Hynobius chinensis profile Photos Endangered Asia
The Chinese salamander is found in Hubei Province and Fujian Province in China.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Oita Salamander - Hynobius dunni profile Photos Endangered Asia
The Oita salamander is found in Japan.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Formosa Salamander - Hynobius formosanus Photos Endangered Asia
The Formosa salamander is found in Taiwan.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Hida Salamander - Hynobius kimurae profile Photos Least Concern Asia
The Hida salamander is found in Japan.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Northeastern China Hynobiid Salamander - Hynobius leechii profile Photos Least Concern Asia
The northeastern China hynobiid salamander is found in China and North and South Korea.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Tohoku Salamander - Hynobius lichenatus profile Photos Least Concern Asia
The Tohoku salamander is found in Japan.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Blotched Salamander - Hynobius naevius profile Photos Least Concern Asia
The blotched salamander is found in Japan.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Clouded Salamander - Hynobius nebulosus profile Photos Least Concern Asia
The clouded salamander is found in Japan.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Japanese Black Salamander - Hynobius nigrescens profile Photos Least Concern Asia
The Japanese black salamander is found in Japan.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Oki Salamander - Hynobius okiensis Photos Vulnerable Asia
The Oki salamander is found in Japan.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Oki Salamander - Hynobius okiensis profile Photos Vulnerable Asia
The Oki salamander is found in forests from sea level to high altitudes.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Hynobius quelpaertensis profile Photos Asia
Hynobius quelpaertensis is foundin South Korea.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Hokkaido Salamander - Hynobius retardatus profile Photos Least Concern Asia
The Hokkaido salamander is found in Japan.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Sonon Salamander - Hynobius sonani Endangered Asia
The Sonon salamander is found in Taiwan.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Tokyo Salamander - Hynobius tokyoensis Photos Vulnerable Asia
The Tokyo salamander is found in Japan.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Tokyo Salamander - Hynobius tokyoensis profile Photos Vulnerable Asia
The Tokyo salamander is threatened by habitat loss.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Tsushima Salamander - Hynobius tsuensis profile Photos Least Concern Asia
The Tsushima salamander is found on Tsushima Island in Japan.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Yiwu hynobiid - Hynobius yiwuensis Photos Vulnerable Asia
The Yiwu hynobid is found in China.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Yiwu hynobiid - Hynobius yiwuensis profile Photos Vulnerable Asia
The Yiwu hynobid is found in fields and forests.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Wushan Salamander - Liua shihi profile Photos Near Threatened Asia
The Wushan salamander is found in China.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Tsinpa Salamander - Liua tsinpaensis Photos Vulnerable Asia
The Tsinpa salamander is found in China.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Long-tailed Clawed Salamander - Onychodactylus fischeri profile Photos Least Concern Asia
The long-tailed clawed salamander is found in China, North and South Korea and Russia.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Japanese Clawed Salamander - Onychodactylus japonicus profile Photos Least Concern Asia
The Japanese clawed salamander is found in Japan.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Shangcheng Salamander - Pachyhynobius shangchengensis Photos Vulnerable Asia
The Shangcheng salamander is found in China.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Shangcheng Salamander - Pachyhynobius shangchengensis profile Photos Vulnerable Asia
The Shangcheng salamander is found in slow mountain forest streams.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Gorgan Salamander - Paradactylodon gorganensis profile Photos Critically Endangered Asia
The Gorgan salamander is only found in Iran in the Shir-Abad Cave and the stream flowing from it.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Gorgan Salamander - Paradactylodon gorganensis profile Photos Critically Endangered Asia
There are only around 100 breeding adult Gorgan salamanders remaining in the wild.
Source: EDGE Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Paghman Mountain Salamander - Paradactylodon mustersi Photos Critically Endangered Asia
The Paghmanmountain salamander is found in Afghanistan.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Paghman Mountain Salamander - Paradactylodon mustersi profile Photos Critically Endangered Asia
The Paghmanmountain salamander is found in s cool highland streams fed by glaciers.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

PaghmanMountain Salamander - Paradactylodon mustersi profile Photos Critically Endangered Asia
Male Paghmanmountain salamanders guard their eggs.
Source: EDGE Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Persian Mountain Salamander - Paradactylodon persicus profile Photos Near Threatened Asia
The Persian mountain salamander is found in the Talesh and Alborz mountain ranges in Iran.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Semirechensk Salamander - Ranodon sibiricus Photos Endangered Asia
The Semirechensk salamander is found in China and Kazakhstan.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Semirechensk Salamander - Ranodon sibiricus profile Photos Endangered Asia
The Semirechensk salamander lives in theheadwaters of small mountain streams and brooks.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Siberian Salamander - Salamandrella keyserlingii Photos Video Least Concern Asia
The Siberian salamander is found in China, Japan, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Mongolia, and the Russian Federation.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Siberian Salamander - Salamandrella keyserlingii Photos Video Least Concern Asia
The Siberian salamander can survive in temperatures as low as -40 Fahrenheit.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No