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Hemisotidae - Shovelnose Frogs


 

Classification

 Kingdom: Animalia
 Phylum: Chordata
 Subphylum: Vertebrata
 Class: Amphibia
 Order: Anura 
 Family: Hemisotidae

There are nine species in this family of frogs. They are found in the savannahs and scrub forests of Sub-Saharan Africa. They have smooth skin, stubby front legs, and a small head with a pointed snout. Shovelnose frogs are also known as snout burrowers. They burrow head-first into the earth - most of the other species of burrowing frogs burrow rear-first.

The female digs an underground breeding chamber and lays her eggs. The male enters the chamber and fertilizes the eggs. The female stays with the eggs. When they hatch, she either digs a tunnel to the water, carries the tadpoles on her back to the water, waits for rain to wash the tadpoles to the water, or makes a mud slide from the entry to her burrow to the water for the tadpoles to slide on!

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct
Status taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status, or there is no status data for the species.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

None   None

Species Around the World

Location Key
Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH More Info Click for More Info

Mongu Shovelnose Frog - Hemisus barotseensis Africa
Masiliwa Shovelnose Frog - Hemisus brachydactylus Africa
Guinea Shovelnose Frog - Hemisus guineensis Least Concern Africa
Spotted Shovelnose Frog - Hemisus guttatus Vulnerable Africa More Info
Marbled Shovelnose Frog - Hemisus marmoratus Least Concern Africa
More Info

 

Lake Zwai Shovelnose Frog - Hemisus microscaphus Least Concern Africa
Olive Shovelnose Frog - Hemisus olivaceus Least Concern Africa
Perret's Shovelnose Frog - Hemisus perreti Africa More Info
De Witte's Shovelnose Frog - Hemisus wittei Africa

Additional Information

Resource Key
profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Marbled Shovelnose Frog - Hemisus marmoratus profile Photos Audio Least Concern Africa
The marbled shovelnose frog is found in Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Spotted Shovelnose Frog - Hemisus guttatus Photos Vulnerable Africa
The spotted shovelnose frog is found in South Africa.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Spotted Shovelnose Frog - Hemisus guttatus profile Photos Vulnerable Africa
The male spotted shovelnose frog is around 2 inches in length; the female is 3 inches in length.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Perret's Shovelnose Frog - Hemisus perreti Photos Africa
The spotted shovelnose frog is found in Congo and Gabon.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No