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Fowler's Toad - Anaxyrus fowleri



 Kingdom: Animalia
 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Amphibia
 Order: Anura
 Family: Bufonidae
 Genus: Bufo
ICUN Redlist - World Status: Least ConcernLeast Concern


Fowler's Toad Fowler's toad is 2½ -3¾ inches in length. Females are larger than males. It has a short, rounded snout and a round body with a light stripe down the middle of its back. It is gray to brown on its uppersides and cream colored on its undersides. Males have a darker throat than females. It has dark brown spots and splotches that contain three or more warts on its upperside. When it is attacked, Fowler's toad can excrete a toxin on its back that can make small predators sick!


mapFowler's toad is found in most areas of eastern United States from southern New Hampshire south to northern Florida and west to Michigan, eastern Oklahoma, and eastern Texas. Fowler's toad is also found in Canada on the banks of the Erie.


Fowler's ToadFowler's toad is found in woodlands, meadows, prairies, ditches, roadsides, gardens, yards, sand dunes, and lake shores. It prefers areas with sandy or gravelly soil that it can easily burrow into.


Fowler's toad uses its tongue to snap up insects and other invertebrates.

Life Cycle

Fowler's ToadMale Fowler's toads migrate to their breeding grounds from March to June. Once they reach the breeding grounds, they call out to the females. They breed in shallow water in ponds, lakes, or marshes. The female lays a string of eggs. There can be as many as 10,000 eggs in a string, although most strings have about 5,000 eggs. The male then fertilizes the eggs by discharging fluid with sperm in it onto the eggs. The eggs are attached to vegetation in the shallow water. The tadpoles hatch in about a week and become toads in a few months. They reach breeding age when they are two years old. Fowler's toad has a life span of around 5 years.


Fowler's ToadFowler's toad is mostly nocturnal. It spends daylight hours under cover. When cold weather arrives, it burrows into the ground and hibernates. It has a distinctive sheep-like "whah, whah, whah" call. Fowler's toad is named for S.P. Fowler, a naturalist from Massachusetts who identified the toad in 1858.