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Erethizontidae - New World porcupines

North American Porcupine There are 18 species in this family. They are found in North, Central and South America. They range in size from 17-32 inches in length.

Porcupines have long spiny barbed hairs or quills. They do not shoot their quills, if an attacking animals gets too close to a porcupine, the quills can embed themselves into the attacking animal.

Porcupines are nocturnal and live alone or in pairs. They have good hearing, but poor eyesight.

While some spcies in this family eat insects, amphibians, and reptiles, most species are herbivores and eat seeds, fruit, nuts, leaves, and other plant parts. Porcupines are found in a variety of habitats including coniferous and deciduous forests, mountains, grasslands, and deserts. Some species live in trees and others live in burrows or dens in the ground.

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct Wild extinctExtinct
Status taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

  New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

North American Porcupine - Erethizon dorsatum Least Concern   Brazilian Porcupine - Coendou prehensilis Least Concern
Rothschild's Porcupine - Coendou rothschildi Least Concern
Mexican Hairy Dwarf Porcupine - Sphiggurus mexicanus Least Concern

Other Species Around the World

Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH m Click for More Info

Thin-spined Porcupine - Chaetomys subspinosus Vulnerable South America
Bicolor-spined Porcupine - Coendou bicolor Least Concern South America
Koopman's Porcupine - Coendou nycthemera South America
Brazilian Porcupine - Coendou prehensilis Least Concern North America South America
Andean Porcupine - Coendou quichua South America
Rothschild's Porcupine - Coendou rothschildi Least Concern North America
Santa Marta Porcupine - Coendou sanctamartae South America
Stump-tailed Porcupine - Echinoprocta rufescens Least Concern South America
North American Porcupine - Erethizon dorsatum Least Concern North America

  Streaked Dwarf Porcupine - Sphiggurus ichillus South America
Bahia Hairy Dwarf Porcupine - Sphiggurus insidiosus Least Concern South America
Black-tailed Hairy Dwarf Porcupine - Sphiggurus melanurus Least Concern South America
Mexican Hairy Dwarf Porcupine - Sphiggurus mexicanus Least Concern North America
Frosted Hairy Dwarf Porcupine - Sphiggurus pruinosus Least Concern South America
Roosmalen's Porcupine - Sphiggurus roosmalenorum South America
Paraguay Hairy Dwarf Porcupine - Sphiggurus spinosus Least Concern South America
Brown Hairy Dwarf Porcupine - Sphiggurus vestitus South America
Orange-spined Hairy Dwarf Porcupine -  Sphiggurus villosus Least Concern South America

Additional Information

Key: profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

North American Porcupine - Erethizon dorsatum Photos Least Concern North America
The North American porcupine is found in Canada, Mexico, and the United States.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Roosmalen's Porcupine - Sphiggurus roosmalenorum Photos South America
Roosmalen's porcupine is found in Brazil.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Ye
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