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Echimyidae - spiny rats

spiny rat There are 89 species in this family. They are found in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. They range in size from 3-18 inches in length. Most species of spiny rats have pointed noses, rounded ears, and medium to long tails. They get their name from the bristly or spiny fur on their backs. Some species live in trees, other burrow under the ground, and others live on the forest floor. Most species are herbivores and eat seeds, fruit, nuts, leaves, and other plant parts. Some species may also eat insects.

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

  New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

None   Oriente Cave Rat - Boromys offella extinct
Torre's Cave Rat - Boromys torrei extinct
Hispaniolan Edible Rat - Brotomys voratus extinct
Insular Cave Rat - Heteropsomys insulans extinct
Armored Rat - Hoplomys gymnurus Least Concern
Tome's Spiny Rat - Proechimys semispinosus Least Concern
Trinidad Spiny Rat - Proechimys trinitatus

Other Species Around the World

Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North/Central America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species

Oriente Cave Rat - Boromys offella extinct North America
Torre's Cave Rat - Boromys torrei extinct North America
Hispaniolan Edible Rat - Brotomys voratus extinct North America
Painted Tree-rat - Callistomys pictus Endangered South America
Owl's Spiny Rat - Carterodon sulcidens South America
Bishop's Fossorial Spiny Rat - Clyomys bishopi South America
Broad-headed Spiny Rat - Clyomys laticeps Least Concern South America
Bolivian Bamboo Rat - Dactylomys boliviensis Least Concern South America
Amazon Bamboo Rat - Dactylomys dactylinus Least Concern South America
Peruvian Bamboo Rat - Dactylomys peruanus South America
Arboreal Soft-furred Spiny Rat - Diplomys caniceps South America
Rufous Tree Rat - Diplomys labilis Least Concern North America South America
White-faced Tree Rat - Echimys chrysurus Least Concern South America
Dark Spiny Tree-rat - Echimys saturnus South America
Echimys vieirai South America
Guiara - Euryzygomatomys spinosus Least Concern South America
Insular Cave Rat - Heteropsomys insulans extinct North America
Armored Rat - Hoplomys gymnurus Least Concern North America South America
Yellow-crowned Brush-tailed Rat - Isothrix bistriata Least Concern South America
Isothrix negrensis Least Concern South America
Plain Brush-tailed Rat - Isothrix pagurus Least Concern South America
Sinnamary Brush-tailed Rat - Isothrix sinnamariensis Least Concern South America
Atlantic Bamboo Rat - Kannabateomys amblyonyx Least Concern South America
Tuft-tailed Spiny Tree Rat - Lonchothrix emiliae Least Concern South America
Brazilian Spiny Tree Rat - Makalata didelphoides Least Concern South America
Long-tailed Tree Rat - Makalata macrura Least Concern South America
Dark Armored Tree-rat - Makalata obscura South America
Peruvian Tree Rat - Makalata rhipidura South America
Spiny Tree Rat - Mesomys hispidus Least Concern South America
Woolly-headed Spiny Tree Rat - Mesomys leniceps South America
Tufted-tailed Spiny Tree-rat - Mesomys occultus Least Concern South America
Surinam Spiny Tree Rat - Mesomys stimulax Least Concern South America
White-tailed Olalla Rat - Olallamys albicauda South America
Greedy Olalla Rat - Olallamys edax Least Concern South America
Bare-tailed Armored Tree-rat - Pattonomys occasius South America
Speckled Tree Rat - Pattonomys semivillosus Least Concern South America
Golden Atlantic Tree Rat - Phyllomys blainvillii Least Concern South America
Red-nosed Tree Rat - Phyllomys brasiliensis Endangered South America
Drab Atlantic Tree Rat - Phyllomys dasythrix Least Concern South America
Phyllomys kerri South America
Pallid Atlantic Tree Rat - Phyllomys lamarum South America
Phyllomys lundi Endangered South America
Phyllomys mantiqueirensis Critically Endangered South America
Phyllomys medius Least Concern South America
Black-spined Atlantic Tree Rat - Phyllomys nigrispinus Least Concern South America

  Phyllomys pattoni Least Concern South America
Giant Atlantic Tree Rat - Phyllomys thomasi Endangered South America
Unicolored Tree Rat - Phyllomys unicolor Critically Endangered South America
Huallago Spiny Rat - Proechimys brevicauda Least Concern South America
Colombian Spiny Rat - Proechimys canicollis Least Concern South America
Boyaca Spiny Rat - Proechimys chrysaeolus South America
Cuvier's Spiny Rat - Proechimys cuvieri Least Concern South America
Pacific Spiny Rat - Proechimys decumanus Vulnerable South America
Proechimys echinothrix Least Concern South America
Proechimys gardneri South America
Goeldi's Spiny Rat - Proechimys goeldii Least Concern South America
Guaira Spiny Rat - Proechimys guairae Least Concern South America
Cayenne Spiny Rat - Proechimys guyannensis Least Concern South America
Guyanan Spiny Rat - Proechimys hoplomyoides South America
Proechimys kulinae South America
Long-tailed Spiny Rat - Proechimys longicaudatus Least Concern South America
Magdalena Spiny Rat - Proechimys magdalenae South America
Minca Spiny Rat - Proechimys mincae South America
O'Connell's Spiny Rat - Proechimys oconnelli South America
Proechimys pattoni Least Concern South America
Gray-footed Spiny Rat - Proechimys poliopus Vulnerable South America
Napo Spiny Rat - Proechimys quadruplicatus Least Concern South America
Roberto's Spiny Rat - Proechimys roberti Least Concern South America
Tome's Spiny Rat - Proechimys semispinosus Least Concern North America South America
Simon's Spiny Rat - Proechimys simonsi Least Concern South America
Steere's Spiny Rat - Proechimys steerei Least Concern South America
Trinidad Spiny Rat - Proechimys trinitatus North America
Sucre Spiny Rat - Proechimys urichi Least Concern South America
Red Crested Tree Rat - Santamartamys rufodorsalis South America
Punare - Thrichomys apereoides Least Concern South America
Thrichomys inermis Least Concern South America
Thrichomys pachyurus Least Concern South America
Giant Tree Rat - Toromys grandis Least Concern South America
White-spined Spiny Rat - Trinomys albispinus Least Concern South America
Atlantic Spiny Rat - Trinomys dimidiatus Least Concern South America
Trinomys eliasi Endangered South America
Trinomys gratiosus Least Concern South America
Ihering's Spiny Rat - Trinomys iheringi Least Concern South America
Trinomys mirapitanga South America
Trinomys moojeni Endangered South America
Mouse-tailed Spiny Rat - Trinomys myosuros Least Concern South America
Trinomys paratus South America
Hairy Spiny Rat - Trinomys setosus Least Concern South America
Yonenaga's Atlantic spiny Rat - Trinomys yonenagae Endangered South America

Additional Information

Key: profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Painted Tree-rat - Callistomys pictus Photos Endangered South America
The painted tree-rat is found in Brazil.
Source:
Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Red Crested Tree Rat - Santamartamys rufodorsalis Photos South America
The painted tree-rat is found in Colombia .
Source:
Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Yonenaga's Atlantic Spiny Rat - Trinomys yonenagae Photos Endangered South America
The Yonenaga's Atlantic spiny rat is found in Brazil.
Source:
Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes