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Dicamptodontidae - Giant Pacific Salamanders

 

Classification

 Kingdom: Animalia
 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Amphibia
 Order: Caudata 
 Family: Dicamptodontidae

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Pacific Giant SalamanderThere are four species in this family. They are all found in coniferous forests in northwestern California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and British Columbia in Canada. They have flat, stocky bodies; wide heads; bulging eyes; and a long, laterally-flattened tail.

The species in this family are about a foot in length, and most are brown with brown or black spots and splotches. They spend the day under logs or rocks and come out at night, especially after it rains. One species, Cope's giant salamander, has gills and lives in the water. Another species, the California giant salamander, makes a barking sound when it is disturbed!

The female in this family lays single eggs in streams. She cares for the eggs until they hatch. The larvae have external gills and four pairs of gill slits. The live in the water for 2-5 years.

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in USThreatened in US Threatened in New HampshireThreatened in NH Endangered in USEndangered in US Endangered in NHEndangered in NH breeds in nhBreeds in NH IntroducedIntroduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

Location Key
AfricaAfrica AsiaAsia AustraliaAustralia EuropeEurope North AmericaNorth America South AmericaSouth America New Hampshire SpeciesNH More InfoClick for More Info pictureClick for Image

New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

None   Idaho Giant Salamander - Dicamptodon aterrimus Least Concern North America More Info
Cope's Giant Salamander - Dicamptodon copei Least Concern North America image More Info
California Giant Salamander - Dicamptodon ensatus Near Threatened North America image More Info
Pacific Giant Salamander - Dicamptodon tenebrosus Least Concern North America image More Info

Additional Information

Resource Key
profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Idaho Giant Salamander - Dicamptodon aterrimus profile Photos Least Concern North America
The Idaho giant salamander is found in  northern Idaho and extreme western Montana.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Idaho Giant Salamander - Dicamptodon aterrimus profile Photos Least Concern North America
The Idaho giant salamander can close to 13 inches in length.
Source: Idaho Digital Library Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Idaho Giant Salamander - Dicamptodon aterrimus profile Least Concern North America
The Idaho giant salamander is found near or in streams in forested areas.
Source: Northern Rockies Natural History Guide Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Elementary School Teacher Section: No

Idaho Giant Salamander - Dicamptodon aterrimus Photos Least Concern North America
The Idaho giant salamander lays its eggs in theheadwaters of mountain streams.
Source: California Herps Intended Audience: General Reading Level: N/A Teacher Section: No

Cope's Giant Salamander - Dicamptodon copei profile Photos Least Concern North America
Cope's giant salamander is found from Washington south to northwestern Oregon.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Cope's Giant Salamander - Dicamptodon copei profile Photos Least Concern North America
Female Cope's giant salamanders lay their eggs under rocks or logs and guard them.
Source: Washington Division of Natural Resources Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Cope's Giant Salamander - Dicamptodon copei profile Photos Least Concern North America
Cope's giant salamanders are found in clear, cold mountain streams.
Source: Burke Museum Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Cope's Giant Salamander - Dicamptodon copei Photos Least Concern North America
Cope's giant salamanders rarely tranform into a terrestrial adult form.
Source: California Herps Intended Audience: General Reading Level: N/A Teacher Section: No