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Dasypodidae - Armadillos

 

Classification

 Kingdom: Animalia
 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Mammalia
 Order: Cingulata
 Family:
Dasypodidae

ArmadilloThere are around 20 species in this family. Armadillos are found from the southern United States south through South America. Armadillos have scaly plates called scutes that cover their heads, bodies, and tails.

Armadillos have long tails; small eyes; and short, powerful clawed feet. Most species have large, rabbit-like ears. Some species have long, pointed snouts and other species have short snouts. Some species can curl up into a ball when they are threatened!

Armadillos use their claws to dig in the dirt and eat insects, grubs, carrion, small vertebrates, and plants. Most species are solitary and live in burrows. Armadillos are excellent swimmers!

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct Not Enough DataNot Enough Data
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist.

U.S. Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Endangered in US Endangered in US Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife. Click on U.S. status icon to go to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife species profile.
  New Hampshire Status Key
Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Breeds in NH Breeds in NH (birds)
Status taken from NH Fish and Game

Location Key
Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH More Info Click for More Info picture Click for Image

  New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

None   Nine-banded Armadillo - Dasypus novemcinctus Least Concern North America South America image More Info
Northern Naked-tailed Armadillo - Cabassous centralis Not Enough Data North America South America More Info

Species Around the World

Chacoan Naked-tailed Armadillo - Cabassous chacoensis Near Threatened South America image More Info
Greater Naked-tailed Armadillo - Cabassous tatouay Least Concern South America More Info
Southern Naked-Tailed Armadillo - Cabassous unicinctus Least Concern South America More Info
Greater Fairy Armadillo - Calyptophractus retusus Not Enough Data South America More Info
Screaming Hairy Armadillo - Chaetophractus vellerosus Least Concern South America image More Info
Large Hairy Armadillo - Chaetophractus villosus Least Concern South America image More Info
Pink Fairy Armadillo - Chlamyphorus truncatus Not Enough Data South America More Info
Southern Long-Nosed Armadillo - Dasypus hybridus Near Threatened South America image More Info
Greater Long-nosed Armadillo - Dasypus kappleri Least Concern South America

  Hairy Long-nosed Armadillo - Dasypus pilosus Not Enough Data South America
Northern Long-nosed Armadillo - Dasypus sabanicola Near Threatened South America More Info
Brazilian Lesser Long-nosed Armadillo - Dasypus septemcinctus Least Concern South America More Info
Yunga's Lesser Long-Nosed Armadillo - Dasypus yepesi Not Enough Data South America
Yellow Armadillo - Euphractus sexcinctus Least Concern South America image More Info
Giant Armadillo - Priodontes maximus Vulnerable South America More Info
Southern Three-banded Armadillo - Tolypeutes matacus Near Threatened South America image More Info
Brazilian Three-banded Armadillo - Tolypeutes tricinctus Vulnerable South America More Info
Pichi - Zaedyus pichiy Near Threatened South America image More Info

Additional Information

Key: profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Nine-banded Armadillo - Dasypus novemcinctus Photos Video Least Concern North America South America
The nine-banded armadillo is the size of a large house cat.
Source:
Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Nine-banded Armadillo - Dasypus novemcinctus profile Photos Least Concern North America South America
Nine-banded armadillos are found in South, Central, and North America.
Source:
Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Nine-banded Armadillo - Dasypus novemcinctus profile Photos Least Concern North America South America
Over the past 100 years the range of the nine-banded armadillo has expanded northward, when it was only found as far north as southern Texas.
Source:
Smithsonian Museum of Natural History Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Northern Naked-tailed Armadillo - Cabassous centralis profile Not Enough Data North America South America
The Northern Naked-tailed Armadillo is found in Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador; Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, and Venezuela.
Source:
Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Chacoan Naked-tailed Armadillo - Cabassous chacoensis profile Photos Near Threatened South America
The Chacoan naked-tailed armadillo is found in Paraguay and north-central Argentina.

Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Greater Naked-tailed Armadillo - Cabassous tatouay profile Photos Least Concern South America
The greater naked-tailed armadillo is found in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay.

Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Southern Naked-Tailed Armadillo - Cabassous unicinctus Photos Least Concern South America
The southern naked-tailed armadillo is found east of the Andes in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, French Guiana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.

Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Greater Fairy Armadillo - Calyptophractus retusus profile Photos Not Enough Data South America
The greater fairy armadillo is found in Argentina, Bolivia, and Paraguay.

Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Screaming Hairy Armadillo - Chaetophractus vellerosus profile Photos Least Concern South America
The screaming hairy armadillo is found in Argentina, Bolivia, and Paraguay.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Large Hairy Armadillo - Chaetophractus villosus profile Photos Video Least Concern South America
The large hairy armadillo is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, and Paraguay.

Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Large Hairy Armadillo - Chaetophractus villosus profile Photos Least Concern South America
The large hairy armadillo is the most common armadillo species in Argentina.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Pink Fairy Armadillo - Chlamyphorus truncatus profile Photos Not Enough Data South America
The pink fairy armadillo is found in central Argentina.

Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Southern Long-Nosed Armadillo - Dasypus hybridus profile Photos Near Threatened South America
The southern long-nosed armadillo is found in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Southern Long-Nosed Armadillo - Dasypus hybridus profile Photos Near Threatened South America
The southern long-nosed armadillo gets its name from its long snout.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Northern Long-nosed Armadillo - Dasypus sabanicola Photos Near Threatened South America
The northern long-nosed armadillo is also known as the Llanos long-nosed armadillo. It is found in Venezuela and Colombia. 
Source: American Society of Mammalogists Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Brazilian Lesser Long-nosed Armadillo - Dasypus septemcinctus profile Photos Least Concern South America
The Brazilian lesser long-nosed armadillo is also known as the seven-banded armadillo. It is found in Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, and northern Argentina.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Yellow Armadillo - Euphractus sexcinctus profile Photos Least Concern South America
The yellow armadillo is also known as the six-banded armadillo. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Suriname, and Uruguay.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Giant Armadillo - Priodontes maximus profile Photos Vulnerable South America
The giant armadillo is found in Argentina,  Brazil , Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Giant Armadillo - Priodontes maximus profile Photos Video Vulnerable South America
The giant armadillo is the largest armadillo species.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Southern Three-banded Armadillo - Tolypeutes matacus profile Photos Near Threatened South America
The southern three-banded armadillo is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Southern Three-banded Armadillo - Tolypeutes matacus profile Photos Near Threatened South America
The southern three-banded armadillo is one of the few armadillo species that can roll into a ball.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Brazilian Three-banded Armadillo - Tolypeutes tricinctus profile Photos Vulnerable South America
The Brazilian three-banded armadillo is found in Brazil. It was once thought to be extinct.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Pichi - Zaedyus pichiy profile Photos Near Threatened South America
The pichi is found in Argentina and Chile.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Pichi - Zaedyus pichiy profile Photos Near Threatened South America
The pichi has the southernmost distribution of any species in the armadillo family. 
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No