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Charadriidae - plovers, lapwings, dotterals, killdeers

KilldeerThe birds in this family are found around the world, usually near water. They are small to medium-sized and have long, pointed wings; plump bodies; round heads; and short necks

They eat insects and other invertebrates. They locate their food by sight and chase after it, running and stopping to eat, then running again.

In most species the male and the female take care of the nest and the chicks. The chick are precocial. That means they can feed themselves right after they hatch. The parents are very protective and will chase off predators and engage in display behvior to distract a predator. They may even drag one wing along the ground and pretend to be injured in order to draw a predator away from their nest.

There are 66 species in this family.

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in the Wild extinctExtinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH breeds in nh Breeds in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

American golden plover - Pluvialis dominica Least Concern
Black-bellied Plover-Pluvialis squatarola Least Concern Africa Asia Australia Europe North America South America New Hampshire Species
Killdeer- Charadrius vociferus Least Concern breeds in nh
Piping Plover - Charadrius melodus Near Threatened Threatened in US Endangered in NH North America New Hampshire Species
Semipalmated Plover - Charadrius semipalmatus Least Concern North America South America New Hampshire Species
  Southern Lapwing - Vanellus chilensis Least Concern
Collared Plover - Charadrius collaris Least Concern
Common Ringed Plover-Charadrius hiaticula Least Concern
Lesser Sand Plover - Charadrius mongolus Least Concern
Mountain Plover - Charadrius montanus Near Threatened
Wilson's Plover - Charadrius wilsonia Least Concern North America South America

North/Central American Species

 
Kentish Plover - Charadrius alexandrinus Least Concern
Eurasian Dotterel - Eudromias morinellus Least Concern
Pacific Golden Plover - Pluvialis fulva Least Concern
 

Species Around the World

Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North/Central America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species

Wrybill - Anarhynchus frontalis Vulnerable Australia
Kentish Plover - Charadrius alexandrinus Least Concern Africa Asia Australia Europe North America South America
Puna Plover - Charadrius alticola Least Concern South America
Caspian Plover - Charadrius asiaticus Least Concern Africa Asia
Inland Dotterel - Charadrius australis Least Concern Australia
Double-banded Plover - Charadrius bicinctus Least Concern Australia
Collared Plover - Charadrius collaris Least Concern North America South America
Little Ringed Plover - Charadrius dubius Least Concern Africa Asia Australia Europe
Two-banded Plover - Charadrius falklandicus Least Concern South America
Forbes's Plover - Charadrius forbesi Least Concern Africa
Common Ringed Plover-Charadrius hiaticula Least Concern Africa Asia Australia Europe North America
Javan Plover - Charadrius javanicus Near Threatened Asia
Greater Sand Plover - Charadrius leschenaultii Least Concern Africa Asia Australia
White-fronted Plover - Charadrius marginatus Least Concern Africa
Rufous-chested Plover - Charadrius modestus Least Concern South America
Lesser Sand Plover - Charadrius mongolus Least Concern Africa Asia Australia North America
Mountain Plover - Charadrius montanus Near Threatened North America
New Zealand Dotterel - Charadrius obscurus Endangered Australia
Chestnut-banded Plover - Charadrius pallidus Near Threatened Africa
Kittlitz's Plover - Charadrius pecuarius Least Concern Africa
Malaysian Plover - Charadrius peronii Near Threatened Asia
Long-billed Plover - Charadrius placidus Least Concern Asia
Red-capped Plover - Charadrius ruficapillus Least Concern Asia Australia
St Helena Plover - Charadrius sanctaehelenae Critically Endangered Africa
Madagascar Plover - Charadrius thoracicus Vulnerable Africa
Three-banded Plover - Charadrius tricollaris Least Concern Africa
Oriental Plover - Charadrius veredus Least Concern Asia Australia
Killdeer - Charadrius vociferus Least Concern North America South America New Hampshire Species breeds in nh
Black-fronted Dotterel - Elseyornis melanops Least Concern Australia
Red-kneed Dotterel - Erythrogonys cinctus Least Concern Asia Australia

 

Eurasian Dotterel - Eudromias morinellus Least Concern Africa Asia Europe North America
Tawny-throated Dotterel - Oreopholus ruficollis Least Concern South America
Diademed Plover - Phegornis mitchellii Near Threatened South America
Eurasian Golden Plover - Pluvialis apricaria Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
American Golden Plover - Pluvialis dominica Least Concern North America South America New Hampshire Species
Pacific Golden Plover - Pluvialis fulva Least Concern Africa Asia Australia North America
Shore Plover - Thinornis novaeseelandiae Endangered Australia
Hooded Plover - Thinornis rubricollis Near Threatened Australia
White-headed Lapwing - Vanellus albiceps Least Concern Africa
Blacksmith Lapwing - Vanellus armatus Least Concern Africa
Pied Lapwing - Vanellus cayanus Least Concern South America
Southern Lapwing - Vanellus chilensis Least Concern North America South America
Gray-headed Lapwing - Vanellus cinereus Least Concern Asia
Crowned Lapwing - Vanellus coronatus Least Concern Africa
Long-toed Lapwing - Vanellus crassirostris Least Concern Africa
River Lapwing - Vanellus duvaucelii Least Concern Asia
Sociable Lapwing - Vanellus gregarius Critically Endangered Africa Asia
Red-wattled Lapwing - Vanellus indicus Least Concern Asia
White-tailed Lapwing - Vanellus leucurus Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
Senegal Lapwing - Vanellus lugubris Least Concern Africa
Javan Lapwing - Vanellus macropterus Critically Endangered Asia
Yellow-wattled Lapwing - Vanellus malarbaricus Least Concern Asia
Spot-breasted Lapwing - Vanellus melanocephalus Least Concern Africa
Black-winged Lapwing - Vanellus melanopterus Least Concern Africa
Masked Lapwing - Vanellus miles Least Concern Asia Australia
Andean Lapwing - Vanellus resplendens Least Concern South America
Wattled Lapwing - Vanellus senegallus Least Concern Africa
Spur-winged Lapwing - Vanellus spinosus Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
Brown-chested Lapwing - Vanellus superciliosus Least Concern Africa
Black-headed Lapwing - Vanellus tectus Least Concern Africa
Banded Lapwing - Vanellus tricolor Least Concern Australia
Northern Lapwing - Vanellus vanellus Least Concern Africa Asia Europe

Additional Information

Key: profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Common Ringed Plover-Charadrius hiaticula profile Photos Least Concern Africa Asia Australia Europe North America
The common ringed plover is found in wetland habitats.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Mountain Plover - Charadrius montanus profile Photos Near Threatened North America
Despite its name, the mountain plover is not found in the mountains.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Mountain Plover - Charadrius montanus profile Photos Audio Near Threatened North America
The mountain plover breeds on open plains.
Source: Cornell Lab of Ornithology Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes