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Brachycephalidae - Saddleback Toads


Classification

 Kingdom: Animalia
 Phylum: Chordata
 Subphylum: Vertebrata
 Class: Amphibia
 Order: Anura 
 Family:Brachycephalidae

Brachycephalus ephippiumThere are 41 species in this family. Saddleback toads are found in the forests of southeastern Brazil and northern Argentina. They are tiny and have three digits on each hind leg and two their front legs. Most frogs and toads have five digits on their hind legs and four digits on their front legs.

Saddleback toads are also know as shield toads because of the bony shield above their vertebrae. They are also known as pumpkin toads because of their color.

Saddleback toads live in the leaf litter on the forest floor. Because they lay their eggs on the ground, they have no tadpole stage of development.

One species in this family, the flea frog - Rachycephalus didactylus, is the smallest frog in the Southern Hemisphere. It is bright gold and only a little larger than 3/8 of an inch in length. It is also known as the Brazilian gold frog and the Brazilian flea frog.

galleryBrachycephalidae Photo Gallery

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in the Wild extinctExtinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

None   None

Species Around the World

AfricaAfrica AsiaAsia AustraliaAustralia EuropeEurope North AmericaNorth America South AmericaSouth America New Hampshire SpeciesNH More InfoClick for More Info pictureClick for Image

Brachycephalus brunneus South America More Info
Flea-frog - Brachycephalus didactylus Least Concern South America More Info
Pumpkin Toadlet - Brachycephalus ephippium Least Concern South America image More Info
Flea-frog - Brachycephalus hermogenesi Least Concern South America image More Info
Brachycephalus nodoterga South America More Info
Shield Toad - Brachycephalus pernix South America More Info
Steindachner's Robber Frog - Ischnocnema guentheri Least Concern South America image More Info
Ischnocnema henselii Least Concern South America image More Info
Ischnocnema hoehnei Least Concern South America More Info
Ischnocnema holti South America More Info
Ischnocnema izecksohni South America image More Info
  Ischnocnema juipoca Least Concern South America More Info
Ischnocnema lactea Least Concern South America More Info
Ischnocnema manezinho Near Threatened South America image More Info
Ischnocnema nasuta Least Concern South America More Info
Ischnocnema oea Near Threatened South America More Info
Ischnocnema parva Least Concern South America More Info
Ischnocnema penaxavantinho South America More Info
Ischnocnema randorum South America More Info
Ischnocnema verrucosa South America image More Info
Ischnocnema vinhai Least Concern South America image

Additional Information

Key: profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Brachycephalus brunneus profile South America
This frog is found in thick leaf-litter. It is found in Brazil.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Pumpkin Toadlet - Brachycephalus ephippium profile Photos Least Concern South America
The pumpkin toadlet is found in Brazil.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Pumpkin Toadlet - Brachycephalus ephippium profile Photos Least Concern South America
The pumpkin toadlet is tiny; it is only around 0.7 inches in length.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Flea-frog - Brachycephalus didactylus profile Least Concern South America
The flea frog is found in Brazil. It is so tiny that it is difficult to locate!
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Flea-frog - Brachycephalus hermogenesi profile Photos Least Concern South America
The flea frog is found in Brazil.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Brachycephalus nodoterga profile Photos South America
Brachycephalus nodoterga is found in Brazil.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Shield Toad - Brachycephalus pernix profile Photos South America
The Shield toad is barely a centimeter in length, that is only about 0.4 inches.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Steindachner's Robber Frog - Ischnocnema guentheri profile Photos Audio Least Concern South America
Steindachner's robber frog is found in Argentina and Brazil.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Ischnocnema henselii profile Photos Least Concern South America
Ischnocnema henselii is found in Argentina and Brazil.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Ischnocnema hoehnei profile Photos Least Concern South America
Ischnocnema hoehnei is found in Brazil.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Ischnocnema holti profile Photos Audio South America
Ischnocnema holti is found in Brazil.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Ischnocnema izecksohni profile Photos South America
Ischnocnema izecksohni is found in Brazil.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Ischnocnema juipoca profile Photos Least Concern South America
Ischnocnema juipoca is found in Brazil.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Ischnocnema lactea profile Photos Least Concern South America
Ischnocnema lactea is found in Brazil.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Ischnocnema manezinho profile Photos Near Threatened South America
Ischnocnema manezinho is found in Brazil.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Ischnocnema nasuta profile Photos Least Concern South America
Ischnocnema nasuta is found in Brazil.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Ischnocnema oea profile Photos Near Threatened South America
Ischnocnema oea is found in Argentina and Brazil.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Ischnocnema parva profile Photos Least Concern South America
Ischnocnema parva is found in Brazil.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Ischnocnema penaxavantinho profile Photos Audio South America
Ischnocnema penaxavantinho is found in Brazil.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Ischnocnema randorum profile Photos South America
Ischnocnema randorum is found in Brazil.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Ischnocnema verrucosa profile Photos South America
Ischnocnema verrucosa is found in Brazil.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No