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Aplodontidae - Mountain Beaver


Classification

 Kingdom: Animalia
 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Mammalia
 Order: Rodentia
 Family: Aplodontidae

mountain beaverThere is only one species in this family. It is not really a beaver, and it doesn't only live in the mountains! The mountain beaver is found in forests in the Pacific northwest from British Columbia to central California. Scientists believe that the mountain beaver is the world's most primitive living rodent species.

The mountain beaver looks like a woodchuck. It has dark brown fur on its uppersides, grayish-brown fur on its undersides and a white spot under its ears. It has a stocky body; a wide, flat head; a short, stubby tail; and short legs with clawed feet.

Mountain beavers live in burrows with more than one opening. They have separate chambers in their burrow for nesting, food storage, and waste.

Mountain beavers eat grasses, ferns, and bark. They have very small kidneys and must drink at least 1-2 cups of water a day. Because they need so much water, they always live near a water source. Except during the breeding season, the mountain beaver is a solitary animal.

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

  New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

None   Mountain Beaver - Aplodontia rufa Least Concern

Other Species Around the World

Location Key
Africa Africa antarctica Antarctic Region Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH

Mountain Beaver - Aplodontia rufa Least Concern North America

 


Additional Information

Resource Key
profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Mountain Beaver - Aplodontia rufa profile Photos Least Concern North America
Some scientists believe that the mountain beaver is the world's most primitive living rodent species.
Source: Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Mountain Beaver - Aplodontia rufa profile Photos Least Concern North America
The two main ranges of mountain beavers are from Merritt, British Columbia to Rio Dell, California and from Mt. Shasta, California to western Nevada.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes