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Caeciliidae - Common Caecilians

 

Classification

 Kingdom: Animalia
 Phylum: Chordata
 Subphylum: Vertebrata
 Class: Amphibia
 Order: Gymnophionia
 Family: Caeciliidae

Longtail SalamanderCommon caecilians are found in Central America, South America, Africa, and India.

Caecilians look like worms, eels, or snakes. Caecilians have no tail and their mouth is recessed under their snout. They have strong jaws and lots of teeth.

Caecilians have no gills, but they have gill slits. The bones in their skulls are fused into what looks like one solid helmet. They use their heads to burrow into leaf litter and into the ground.

Males and females look the same. Excepts for during the mating season, most caecilians are solitary. Caecilians eat insects, worms, and small snakes.

 

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH breeds in nh Breeds N.H. Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

Location Key
AfricaAfrica AsiaAsia AustraliaAustralia EuropeEurope North AmericaNorth America South AmericaSouth America New Hampshire SpeciesNH More InfoClick for More Info pictureClick for Image

  New Hampshire Species

 

  North/Central American Species

None   Mexican Caecilian - Dermophis mexicanus Vulnerable North America image More Info
Dermophis oaxacae  North America More Info
Dermophis occidentalis North America More Info
Dermophis parviceps Least Concern North America More Info
Gymnopis multiplicata Least Concern North America More Info
Gymnopis syntrema   North America
Oscaecilia elongata   North America
Oscaecilia ochrocephala Least Concern North America South America
Oscaecilia osae North America More Info

  North/Central American Species

 

Caecilia isthmica   North America South America More Info
Caecilia leucocephala Least Concern North America South America
Caecilia nigricans Least Concern North America South America More Info
Caecilia volcani North America
Dermophis costaricensis North America
Dermophis glandulosus  North America South America
Dermophis gracilior  North America

 

Other Species Around the World

Atretochoana eiselti South America image More Info
Boulengerula boulengeri Least Concern Africa More Info
Boulengerula changamwensis Africa More Info
Boulengerula denhardti Africa
Boulengerula fischeri Africa More Info
Boulengerula niedeni Critically Endangered Africa More Info
Boulengerula taitana Least Concern Africa image More Info
Boulengerula uluguruensis Least Concern Africa More Info
Brasilotyphlus braziliensis Least Concern South America
Caecilia abitaguae South America
Caecilia albiventris South America
Caecilia antioquiaensis South America
Caecilia armata South America
Caecilia attenuata South America More Info
Caecilia bokermanni South America
Caecilia caribea South America More Info
Caecilia corpulenta South America
Caecilia crassisquama South America
Caecilia degenerata South America
Caecilia disossea Least Concern South America
Caecilia dunni South America
Caecilia flavopunctata South America
Caecilia gracilis Least Concern South America
Caecilia guntheri South America
Caecilia inca South America
Caecilia marcusi Least Concern South America More Info
Caecilia occidentalis South America More Info
Caecilia orientalis Least Concern South America
Caecilia pachynema South America
Caecilia perdita Least Concern South America
Caecilia pressula South America
Caecilia subdermalis Least Concern South America
Caecilia subnigricans  Least Concern South America More Info
Caecilia subterminalis South America
Caecilia tentaculata Least Concern South America More Info
Caecilia tenuissima South America
Caecilia thompsoni South America More Info
Chthonerpeton arii South America
Chthonerpeton braestrupi South America
Chthonerpeton exile South America
Chthonerpeton indistinctum Least Concern South America image More Info
Chthonerpeton noctinectes South America
Chthonerpeton onorei South America
Chthonerpeton perissodus South America
Chthonerpeton viviparum South America
Crotaphatrema bornmuelleri Africa
Crotaphatrema lamottei Africa
Crotaphatrema tchabalmbaboensis Africa

Gegeneophis carnosus Asia More Info
Gegeneophis danieli Asia More Info
Gegeneophis fulleri Asia
Gegeneophis goaensis Asia
More Info

  Gegeneophis krishni Asia
Gegeneophis madhavai Asia
Gegeneophis mhadeiensis Asia More Info
Gegeneophis nadkarnii Asia
Gegeneophis ramaswamii Least Concern Asia
Gegeneophis seshachari Asia More Info
Geotrypetes angeli Africa
Geotrypetes pseudoangeli Africa
Geotrypetes seraphini Least Concern Africa More Info
Grandisonia alternans Least Concern Africa
Grandisonia brevis Endangered Africa
Grandisonia larvata Least Concern Africa
Grandisonia sechellensis Least Concern Africa
Herpele multiplicata Africa
Herpele squalostoma Least Concern Africa
Hypogeophis rostratus Least Concern Africa
Idiocranium russeli Africa
Indotyphlus battersbyi Asia More Info
Indotyphlus maharashtraensis Asia More Info
Luetkenotyphlus brasiliensis South America
Microcaecilia albiceps Least Concern South America
Microcaecilia rabei  South America
Microcaecilia supernumeraria South America
Microcaecilia taylori Least Concern South America More Info
Microcaecilia unicolor Least Concern South America
Mimosiphonops reinhardti South America
Mimosiphonops vermiculatus South America
Nectocaecilia petersii  Least Concern South America
Oscaecilia bassleri Least Concern South America
Oscaecilia equatorialis South America
Oscaecilia hypereumeces South America
Oscaecilia koepckeorum South America
Oscaecilia polyzona South America More Info
Oscaecilia zweifeli South America
Parvicaecilia nicefori Least Concern South America
Parvicaecilia pricei Least Concern South America
Potomotyphlus kaupii  Least Concern South America More Info
Praslinia cooperi Vulnerable Africa
Schistometopum gregorii Least Concern Africa More Info
Schistometopum thomense Least Concern Africa More Info
Scolecomorphus kirkii Least Concern Africa
Scolecomorphus uluguruensis Least Concern Africa
Scolecomorphus vittatus Least Concern Africa More Info
Ringed Caecilian - Siphonops annulatus Least Concern South America image More Info
Siphonops hardyi Least Concern South America
Siphonops insulanus South America
Siphonops leucoderus South America
Siphonops paulensis Least Concern South America image More Info
Sylvacaecilia grandisonae Africa More Info
Typhlonectes compressicauda Least Concern South America More Info
Typhlonectes cunhai South America
Typhlonectes natans Least Concern South America image More Info

Additional Information

Key: profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Atretochoana eiselti profile Photos South America
Atretochoana eiselti is found in Brazil. Until 2011, it was only known from preserved specimens.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Atretochoana eiselti profile Photos South America
Atretochoana eiselti can be up to 3 feet in length.
Source: Natural History Museum, UK Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Boulengerula boulengeri profile Photos Least Concern Africa
Boulengerula boulengeri
is found in Tanzania.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Boulengerula changamwensis profile Photos Africa
Boulengerula changamwensis
is found in Kenya and Malawi.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Boulengerula fischeri profile Photos Africa
Boulengerula fischeri
is found in Rwanda.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Boulengerula niedeni profile Photos Critically Endangered Africa
Boulengerula niedeni
is found in Kenya.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Boulengerula niedeni profile Photos Critically Endangered Africa
Boulengerula niedeni
has tow rows of teeth on each of its jaws.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Boulengerula taitana profile Photos Least Concern Africa
Boulengerula taitana is found in the Taita Hills in Kenya.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Boulengerula uluguruensis profile Photos Least Concern Africa
Boulengerula uluguruensis is found in Tanzania.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Caecilia attenuata profile Photos South America
Caecilia attenuata is found in Ecuador and Peru.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Caecilia caribea profile Photos South America
Caecilia caribea is found in Colombia .
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Caecilia isthmica profile Photos North America South America
Caecilia isthmica is found in Colombia and Panama.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Caecilia marcusi profile Photos Least Concern South America
Caecilia marcusi is found in Bolivia.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Caecilia nigricans profile Photos Least Concern North America South America
Caecilia nigricans is found in Colombia, Ecuador, and Panama.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Caecilia occidentalis profile Photos South America
Caecilia occidentalis is found in Colombia.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Caecilia subnigricans profile Photos Least Concern South America
Caecilia subnigricans is found in Colombia and Venezuela.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Caecilia tentaculata profile Photos Least Concern South America
Caecilia tentaculata is found in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Caecilia thompsoni profile Photos South America
Caecilia thompsoni is found in Colombia.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Caecilia thompsoni Photos South America
Caecilia thompsoni can be up to 5 feet in length.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Chthonerpeton indistinctum profile Photos Least Concern South America
Chthonerpeton indistinctum is found in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Mexican Caecilian - Dermophis mexicanus profile Photos Vulnerable North America
The Mexican Caecilian is found in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Nicaragua.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Mexican Caecilian - Dermophis mexicanus profile Photos Vulnerable North America
The Mexican Caecilian eats termites, crickets, snails, slugs, and earthworms.
Source: DigiMorph Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Mexican Caecilian - Dermophis mexicanus Photos Vulnerable North America
The Mexican Caecilian is 11-19 inches in length.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Dermophis oaxacae  profile Photos North America
Dermophis oaxacae is found in Mexico.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Dermophis occidentalis profile Photos North America
Dermophis occidentalis is found in Costa Rica.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Dermophis parviceps profile Photos Least Concern North America
Dermophis parviceps is found in Costa Rica and Panama.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Gegeneophis carnosus profile Photos Asia
Gegeneophis carnosus
is found in India.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Gegeneophis carnosus Photos Asia
Gegeneophis carnosus
lives in humid evergreen forests.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Gegeneophis danieli profile Photos Asia
Gegeneophis danieli
is found in India.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Gegeneophis goaensis profile Photos Asia

Gegeneophis goaensis is found in India.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Gegeneophis mhadeiensis profile Photos Asia
Gegeneophis mhadeiensis is
found in India.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Gegeneophis seshachari profile Photos Asia

Gegeneophis seshachari is found in India.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Geotrypetes seraphini profile Photos Least Concern Africa
Geotrypetes seraphini is found in India.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Gymnopis multiplicata profile Photos Least Concern North America
Gymnopis multiplicata is found in Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Indotyphlus battersbyi profile Photos Asia
Indotyphlus battersbyi
is found in India.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Indotyphlus maharashtraensis profile Photos Asia

Indotyphlus maharashtraensis is found in India.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Microcaecilia taylori profile Photos Least Concern South America
Microcaecilia taylori is found in Suriname.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Oscaecilia osae profile Photos North America
Oscaecilia osae is found in Costa Rica.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Oscaecilia osae profile Photos North America
Oscaecilia osae is up to 15 inches in length.
Source: Species of Costa Rica Intended Audience: General Reading Level: In Spanish Teacher Section: No

Oscaecilia polyzona profile Photos South America
Oscaecilia polyzona is found in Colombia .
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Potomotyphlus kaupii  profile Photos Least Concern South America
Potomotyphlus kaupii is found in Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Schistometopum gregorii profile Photos Least Concern Africa
Schistometopum gregorii is found in Kenya and Tanzania.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Schistometopum thomense profile Photos Least Concern Africa
Schistometopum thomense is found on the island nation of Sao Tomé and Principe off the coast of Africa.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Scolecomorphus vittatus profile Photos Least Concern Africa
Scolecomorphus vittatus is found in Tanzania.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Ringed Caecilian - Siphonops annulatus profile Photos Least Concern South America
The ringed caecilian is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Siphonops paulensis profile Photos Least Concern South America
Siphonops paulensis is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Sylvacaecilia grandisonae Photos Africa
Sylvacaecilia grandisonae is found in Ethiopia.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Typhlonectes compressicauda profile Photos Least Concern South America
Typhlonectes compressicauda is found in Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, and Venezuela.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Typhlonectes natans profile Photos Least Concern South America
Typhlonectes natans is found in Colombia and Venezuela.
Source: AmphibiaWeb Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Typhlonectes natans profile Photos Least Concern South America
Typhlonectes natans is also known as the rubber eel, but it is not an eel.
Source: DigiMorph Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Typhlonectes natans profile Photos Least Concern South America
Typhlonectes natans is 17-21 inches in length.
Source: World Association of Zoos and Aquariums Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No