yellow-crowned night heron is a short, stocky wading bird about 24 inches in length with a wingspan
of a little under four feet. It has long yellow to orange legs, red eyes, a
black bill, and a short neck. It has a slate gray body, a black head with
a white streak on the side of its face and a yellowish-white crown. In breeding season it has a yellow plume of feathers on its head. Males and females look alike.
Immature yellow-crowned night herons are a mottled grayish-brown.
The yellow-crowned night heron breeds from southern New England south to Florida and west to Texas. It also breeds along the Mississippi River. It winters on the Gulf and Atlantic Coasts.
The yellow-crowned night heron lives in
wooded swamps, fresh and saltwater marshes and thickets.
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The yellow-crowned night heron forages for food both in the day and at night. Most of the yellow-crowned night heron's
diet is made up of crustaceans like crabs and crayfish. It sometimes
eels, mussels, frogs, tadpoles, aquatic insects, snails, and small snakes. It either stands and waits for its prey to swim by or wades in the shallow water and slowly
stalks its prey.
The female lays three to five eggs on a nest of sticks placed in a tree or sometimes on the ground. Both the male and female build the nest and incubate the eggs. The eggs hatch in about three weeks. Both parents care for the chicks and feed them regurgitated food. The chicks fledge when they are about 25 days old.
The yellow-crowned night heron is more solitary than other herons. It prefers to nest separately from other birds.
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