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Razorbill - Alca torda

razorbill
Characteristics
Range
Habitat
Diet
Life Cycle
Behavior

 Classification

 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Aves
 Order: Charadriiformes 
 Family: Alcidae 
 Genus:  Alca

Razorbill

ICUN Redlist - World Status: Near ThreatenedNear Threatened
    Audio Credit: xeno-canto.org Tero Linjama cc logo
  Characteristics
RazorbillThe razorbill is a duck-sized diving bird that is 14-17 inches in length. It has a black head and upperside and a white chest and belly. It has a white line from its eyes to its bill that is missing in the winter. Its thick, hooked bill  has a thin white band around it. It has a sharply pointed tail and black webbed feet. Males and females look alike.

  Range
mapThe razorbill breeds from the Arctic south to Maine. It winters in open water south to New Jersey. It is also found in Europe. In the winter, the razorbill can sometimes be found off the coast of New Hampshire.

  Habitat
Except for during breeding season, the razorbill lives offshore in open waters.
 
  Diet
The razorbill feeds mostly on fish, shrimp and squid. It dives from the surface of the water and can reach depths of up to 60 feet to reach its prey.
  Life Cycle
RazorbillThe razorbill nests in colonies on cliffs or islands among the boulders and rocks. The female razorbill lays a single egg on the ground or on rocks. Incubation takes about five weeks. The chick stays in the nest for 16-25 days, then it goes out to sea with its parents. It will take another two months before it reaches adult size and has adult plumage.

  Behavior

RazorbillExcept for during breeding season, the razorbill spends most of its time on the open water. It even cares for its young while on the open water, bringing then food until they are old enough to hunt for themselves. The razorbill swims in the water with the end of its tail tipped up.

 



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