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Pyrrhuloxia - Cardinalis sinuatus

Characteristics
Range
Habitat
Diet
Life Cycle
Behavior

 Classification

 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Aves
 Order: Passeriformes
 Family: Emberizidae
 Genus: Cardinalis



ICUN Redlist - World Status: Least ConcernLeast Concern
   
Audio Credit: xeno-canto.org Andrew Spencer cc logo
  Characteristics

PyrrhuloxiaThe pyrrhuloxia looks similar to the northern cardinal. It is 7-8 inches in length.

The male is gray with a rosy red breast, red wings and tail, a red crest, and a red face.

The female looks similar, but she is a little paler and lacks the red breast and face.

The pyrrhuloxia has a thick, yellow parrot-like bill that is uses to crack open seeds.

  Range

mapThe pyrrhuloxia is found in southern Arizona and New Mexico and in southwestern Texas south to Mexico. It does not migrate.

 

 

 

  Habitat
PyrrhuloxiaThe pyrrhuloxia is found in thorny mesquite thickets, usually along dry desert stream and creek beds. It is also found at the edges of woodlands.

 
  Diet

PyrrhuloxiaThe pyrrhuloxia forages on the ground for the seeds of grasses, weeds, and mesquite; cactus fruit and cottonwood catkins. In the summer, it also eats insects. It uses its powerful bill to crack open and crush seeds.

  Life Cycle

PyrrhuloxiaThe female lays two to four eggs in a cup-shaped nest made of grass, bark and twigs and placed in a dense, thorny bush.

The female incubates the eggs for about two weeks. During courtship and incubation, the male brings the female food.

The chicks fledge in about 10 days and both the male and female care for the young.

  Behavior
Pyrrhuloxia are nonmigratory, but they sometimes stray from their territories. In the winter, they may forage for food in huge flocks containing hundreds of birds.




 

 


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