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Northern Flying Squirrel - Glaucomys sabrinus

Characteristics
Range
Habitat
Diet
Life Cycle
Behavior
 Classification

 Phylum:
Chordata
 Class: Mammalia
 Order: Rodentia 
 Family: Sciuridae
 Genus:  Glaucomys


ICUN Redlist - World Status: Least ConcernLeast Concern
  Characteristics

Northern Flying SquirrelThe northern flying squirrel is a small squirrel. It is about ten inches long from the tip of its nose to the tip of its tail. It has very large, round black eyes that help it see at night and a long, flattened tail. It has soft cinnamon brown and gray fur above and creamy white fur below.

It has a loose fold of skin between its front and rear feet. When it stretches out its legs, this skin forms a kind of parachute that lets the squirrel glide from branch to branch. As it approaches its landing site, it pulls up, slowing its descent! When it is gliding, it uses its tail as a rudder to help it change direction.

  Range
mapThe northern flying squirrel can be found in Canada and the northern United States including Alaska, Washington, Oregon, California, North Dakota, South Dakota, Idaho, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Minnesota, Michigan, and Wisconsin. It is also found in the Appalachian mountains from New England through North Carolina.

  Habitat
The northern flying squirrel lives in dense conifer or mixed conifer and deciduous forests.
  Diet
The northern flying squirrel eats nuts, acorns, fungi and lichens. It may also eat fruits, buds, sap, bird eggs, small nestling birds and insects.
  Life Cycle
Northern Flying SquirrelBreeding season runs from March to May. The female gives birth to two to five young after a gestation period of about 40 days. The nest can be an abandoned bird nest; a clump of twigs, moss, and shredded bark placed in the crotch of a branch; or an abandoned woodpecker hole or tree cavity. The female cares for the young, who are weaned when they are about two months old. They learn to glide when they are about three months old. The female has one litter a year.

  Behavior
The northern flying squirrel is nocturnal and is active throughout the year. It is a very social animal and may share a nest and live in groups of eight or more adults and juveniles.



 


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