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Hooded Oriole - Icterus cucullatus

Characteristics
Range
Habitat
Diet
Life Cycle
Behavior

 Classification

 Phylum:
Chordata
 Class: Aves
 Order: Passeriformes
 Family: Icteridae
 Genus:  Icterus


Hooded Oriole

ICUN Redlist - World Status: Least ConcernLeast Concern
    Audio Credit: xeno-canto.org Andrew Spencer cc logo
  Characteristics
Hooded OrioleThe hooded oriole is about seven inches in length. The male is yellow to orange with a black tail and black wings with two white bars on them. It has a black throat and face and a long, thin, curved black bill. The female is greenish-gray above and yellow on her undersides. She also has two white bars on her wings.

  Range
mapThe hooded oriole breeds from northern coastal and central California, southern Nevada, central Arizona, and western Texas south into northern Mexico. It winters in southern California, Texas, and Mexico.


  Habitat
The hooded oriole can be found living in open woods and areas with palm trees, mesquite or dry shrubs. It may also live in deciduous and riparian woodlands and is often found near ranches and towns.


  Diet
Hooded OrioleMost of the hooded oriole's diet is made up of insects, but it also eats fruit and nectar. It gets nectar by slicing into the bases of tubular flowers with its sharp bill.


  Life Cycle
Breeding season begins in April to early May. The male will fly around a female and tilt his head up and sing. The female hooded oriole lays three to five eggs in a woven basket nest made of plant fibers. The nest has an entrance at the top and it hangs from palm fronds or the branches of a tree. The female incubates the eggs. The chicks hatch in 12-14 days and fledge when they are 14 days old. Both parents care for the young. The female may lay two or three clutches each summer.

  Behavior
The hooded oriole is a very social bird and will often join flocks of other birds like Bullock's oriole.

 

 


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