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Downy Woodpecker - Picoides pubescens

Downy Woodpecker

 

 

 

Characteristics
Range
Habitat
Diet
Life Cycle
Behavior

 Classification

 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Aves
 Order: Piciformes
 Family: Picidae
 Genus: Picoides

 

Downy Woodpecker

ICUN Redlist - World Status: Least ConcernLeast Concern
    Audio Credit: xeno-canto.org Mike Nelson cc logo
  Characteristics

Downy WoodpeckerThe downy woodpecker is six inches long and has a small black bill. It has a white chest and back,  black wings with white spots, a black tail and a black head with a white "mustache" and white "eyebrows."  The male has a red patch on the back of its head.


  Range
mapThe downy woodpecker can be found throughout most of the United States and Canada except for Hawaii, the Southwest and northern Alaska and Canada.



  Habitat
The downy woodpecker lives in woodlands, parks  and yards.
  Diet

Downy WoodpeckerThe downy woodpecker uses its bill to drill into trees and dig out insects like beetles, wasps, moths and insect larvae. It also eats berries and sunflower seeds.






 

  Life Cycle
Downy WoodpeckerDowny woodpeckers that live in the southern part of their range mate in late winter. They mate in the early spring if they live in the northern part of their range. Both the male and the female make the nest by pecking a hole in a dead tree, fence post or sometimes, a telephone pole. The nest can take up to two weeks to dig out. The female lays four to five white eggs. The eggs are incubated for about twelve days. Both parents incubate the eggs and care for the chicks. The chicks first leave the nest when they are about three weeks old.

  Behavior
Downy woodpeckers often mix with other flocks of birds and are often found at bird feeders.


 


 


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